House Votes to End Federal Crack/Powder Cocaine Sentencing Disparity [FEATURE]

In an effort to undo one the gravest examples of racially biased drug war injustice, the House of Representatives voted Tuesday to end the federal sentencing disparity between crack and powder cocaine. HR 1693, the Eliminating a Quantifiably Unjust Application of the Law (EQUAL) Act of 2021, passed on a vote of 361-66, demonstrating bipartisan support, although all 66 "no" votes came from Republicans.

Amidst racially tinged and "tough on drugs" political posturing around crack use in the early 1980s, accompanied by significant media distortions and oversimplications, Congress passed the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986, cosponsored by then-Senator Joe Biden (D-DE) and signed into law by Ronald Reagan. Under that bill, people caught with as little as five grams of crack faced a five-year mandatory minimum sentence, while people would have to be caught with 500 grams of powder cocaine to garner the same sentence.

While race neutral on its face, the law was disproportionately wielded as a weapon against African-Americans. Although similarly small percentages of both Blacks and Whites used crack, and there were more White crack users than Black ones, Blacks were seven times more likely to be imprisoned for crack offenses than Whites between 1991 and 2016. Between 1991 and 1995, in the depths of the drug war, Blacks were 13 times more likely to be caught up in the criminal justice meat grinder over crack. And even last year, the US Sentencing Commission reported that Black people made up 77 percent of federal crack prosecutions.

After years of effort by an increasingly broad alliance of drug reform, racial justice, human rights, religious and civic groups, passage of the 2010 Fair Sentencing Act took a partial step toward reducing those disparities. The FSA increased the threshold quantity of crack cocaine that would trigger certain mandatory minimums -- instead of 100 times as much powder cocaine than crack cocaine needed, it changed to 18 times as much. The 2018 FIRST STEP Act signed by President Trump allowed people convicted before the 2010 law was passed to seek resentencing. And now, finally, an end to the disparity is in sight.

Reform advocates praised the bill's passage in the House.

"After the murder of George Floyd, it was obvious that we as a country needed to work harder to stamp out racial discrimination in our justice system," Kevin Ring, president of Families Against Mandatory Minimums (FAMM), said in a statement after the vote. "Eliminating the crack-powder disparity, which has disproportionately and unfairly harmed Black families, was an obvious target. Today's huge bipartisan vote reflects the overwhelming public support for eliminating the crack disparity. We hope the Senate acts quickly to remove this 35-year-old mistake from the criminal code."

"For 35 years, the sentencing disparity between crack and powder cocaine, based on neither evidence nor science, has resulted in higher sentences that are disproportionately borne by Black families and communities. We applaud the House for passing the EQUAL Act, which will finally end that disparity, including for thousands of people still serving sentences under the unjust disparity who would now have the opportunity to petition courts for a reduced sentence," ACLU senior policy counsel Aamra Ahmad said in a statement.

"Congress should continue to work to end the war on drugs, including ending mandatory minimum sentences that disproportionately impact communities of color while failing to make us safer. Now that the House has taken this important action on the EQUAL Act, the Senate must quickly follow suit and finally end this racially unjust policy," she added.

The Senate version of the bill is S. 79, introduced by Senator Cory Booker (D-NJ) and cosponsored by fellow Democrat Dick Durbin (IL) and GOP Senators Rand Paul (KY), Rob Portman (OH), and Thomas Tillis (NC). After the vote, they prodded their Senate fellows to get moving.

"Today, House Republicans and Democrats joined together in passing the EQUAL Act, legislation that will once and for all eliminate the unjust federal crack and powder cocaine sentencing disparity," the bipartisan group said in a joint statement. "Enjoying broad support from faith groups, civil rights organizations, law enforcement, and people of all political backgrounds, this commonsense bill will help reform our criminal justice system so that it better lives up to the ideals of true justice and equality under the law. We applaud the House for its vote today and we urge our colleagues in the Senate to support this historic legislation."

The bill has the support of President Biden, who endorsed it June, but faces uncertain prospects in the Senate, as it needs at least ten Republican votes to not fall victim to a filibuster. Senator Charles Grassley (R-IA), who has shepherded sentencing reform bills through previously as Judiciary Committee chairman and is still the committee's top Republican, has spoken discouragely about the prospects. Still, the cause of criminal justice reform is one of the few areas where bipartisan deals are possible in Washington these days, and the current Congress is a long way from over.

Permission to Reprint: This article is licensed under a modified Creative Commons Attribution license.
Looking for the easiest way to join the anti-drug war movement? You've found it!

Page wed very interesting.

Page wed very interesting. Please continue to inspire those who visit our website in the most positive way. You can visit my website  lol bean

 

kolkata escorts|| kolkata

kolkata escorts|| kolkata escort|| kolkata vip escort|| kolkata vip escorts|| kolkata call girl|| kolkata call girl|| escort|| call girl|| call girls|| call girls kolkata|| call girl in kolkata|| call girls in kolkata|| kolkata independent escort|| kolkata independent escorts|| independent escort|| independent escorts|| independent escort kolkata|| independent escorts kolkata|| independent escort in kolkata|| independent escorts in kolkata|| kolkata female escorts|| kolkata female escort|| female escorts|| female escort|| chinese escorts|| chinese escort|| kolkata chinese escort|| kolkata chinese escorts|| kolkata chinese call girls|| chinese call girl in kolkata|| kolkata chinese call girl|| kolkata chinese escort servoce|| chinese call girls|| chinese call girl|| chinese escort service|| female escorts service|| female escort service|| escorts|| kolkata escort service|| kolkata escorts service|| kolkata escorts services|| escort service in kolkata|| escorts service kolkata|| escort service near me|| escort kolkata|| escorts kolkata|| escort service at kolkata|| escorts in kolkata|| sex service in kolkata|| escorts near me|| escorts service|| kolkata model escorts|| top escort service kolkata|| kolkata escorts agency|| independent escorts in kolkata|| escort services in kolkata|| escorts kolkata|| kolkata escort services|| kolkata sex service|| escort in kolkata|| kolkatta escorts|| escorts service kolkata|| calcutta escorts|| sex service kolkata|| kolkata escott|| kolkata independent escorts|| kolkata vip escorts|| best escort service in kolkata|| best escorts in kolkata|| female escort kolkata|| female escorts in kolkata|| female escorts kolkata|| kolkata female escort service|| kolkata female escorts|| independent escort in kolkata|| female escort service in kolkata|| kolkatacallgirls|| escorts services in kolkata|| best escort service|| kolkata sonagachi call girl|| sexy escort kolkata|| independent escorts kolkata|| call girl service near me|| calcutta escort|| call girl sonagachi|| indian call girl rate|| escort service in calcutta|| kolkata escorts girls|| best escort in kolkata|| want a call girl from calcutta for sexual enjoyment|| sonagachi call girl|| local escort service|| escorts at kolkata|| escort near me|| park street escorts|| ballygunge escorts|| kolkata call girl service|| call girl in sonagachi|| independent escort kolkata|| sonagachi call girl number|| escort girl in kolkata|| independent escort service in kolkata|| kolkata sex site|| escorts girls in kolkata|| kolkata independent escort|| top escort babes|| sonagachi call girl photo|| kolkata call girl sex|| escort girl kolkata|| paid sex in kolkata|| escort services kolkata|| kolkata escorts services|| kolkata escort agency|| personal sex service in kolkata|| escorts service near me|| escort services near me|| kolkata female escort|| independent kolkata escorts|| kolkata escort girl|| kolkata girl escort|| escort home service|| scot service in kolkata|| cheap sex in kolkata|| barrackpore call girl|| scott service in kolkata|| kolkata escot|| girls for sex in kolkata|| sonagachi call girls|| escort agency in kolkata|| cheap escorts in kolkata|| kolkata girls for sex|| escort agency kolkata|| sex girl in kolkata|| escort service provider|| kolkata sex call girl|| escort at kolkata|| callgirls photos|| model escort service|| top escorts service kolkata|| top escort services kolkata|| top escorts services kolkata|| escort service for sex|| girl escort service|| kolkata escort girls|| escorts services|| independent escort girl in kolkata|| cheap escort service in kolkata|| independent kolkata escort|| kolkata cheap escort|| girls looking for sex in kolkata|| online escort service|| girl for sex in kolkata|| kolkata call girl number|| independent escort service|| high profile escort service|| escort service nearby|| sex girl kolkata|| female escort near me|| escorts services in kolkata|| kolkata sex girls|| independent female escort in kolkata|| kolkata prostitutes number|| independent escorts service|| escort service in calcutta|| kolkata sex girl|| sonagachi rates per hour|| cheap escort kolkata|| real sex in kolkata|| sonagachi girls rate|| escort girl service|| www escort service com|| cheap escort in kolkata|| escort girls near me|| kolkata sex hotel|| escort contact|| sex in kolkata hotel|| sex place in kolkata|| escort service sex|| kolkata girl sex com|| latest sex girls|| kolkata women for sex|| air hostess escorts|| escort service in west bengal|| kolkata escort review|| cheap escorts|| cheap escort services|| russian escort kolkata|| independent escort services|| kolkata callgirl|| kolkata hot call girl|| kolkata sonagachi girl rate|| free sex in kolkata|| sonagachi girl phone number|| escort service online|| sex kolkata girl|| women for sex in kolkata|| russian escorts india|| kolkata prostitution rates|| indian escort sites|| fucking place in kolkata|| howrah escorts|| call girls near me

Post new comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <i> <blockquote> <p> <address> <pre> <h1> <h2> <h3> <h4> <h5> <h6> <br> <b>

More information about formatting options

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.

Drug War Issues

Criminal JusticeAsset Forfeiture, Collateral Sanctions (College Aid, Drug Taxes, Housing, Welfare), Court Rulings, Drug Courts, Due Process, Felony Disenfranchisement, Incarceration, Policing (2011 Drug War Killings, 2012 Drug War Killings, 2013 Drug War Killings, 2014 Drug War Killings, 2015 Drug War Killings, 2016 Drug War Killings, 2017 Drug War Killings, Arrests, Eradication, Informants, Interdiction, Lowest Priority Policies, Police Corruption, Police Raids, Profiling, Search and Seizure, SWAT/Paramilitarization, Task Forces, Undercover Work), Probation or Parole, Prosecution, Reentry/Rehabilitation, Sentencing (Alternatives to Incarceration, Clemency and Pardon, Crack/Powder Cocaine Disparity, Death Penalty, Decriminalization, Defelonization, Drug Free Zones, Mandatory Minimums, Rockefeller Drug Laws, Sentencing Guidelines)CultureArt, Celebrities, Counter-Culture, Music, Poetry/Literature, Television, TheaterDrug UseParaphernalia, Vaping, ViolenceIntersecting IssuesCollateral Sanctions (College Aid, Drug Taxes, Housing, Welfare), Violence, Border, Budgets/Taxes/Economics, Business, Civil Rights, Driving, Economics, Education (College Aid), Employment, Environment, Families, Free Speech, Gun Policy, Human Rights, Immigration, Militarization, Money Laundering, Pregnancy, Privacy (Search and Seizure, Drug Testing), Race, Religion, Science, Sports, Women's IssuesMarijuana PolicyGateway Theory, Hemp, Marijuana -- Personal Use, Marijuana Industry, Medical MarijuanaMedicineMedical Marijuana, Science of Drugs, Under-treatment of PainPublic HealthAddiction, Addiction Treatment (Science of Drugs), Drug Education, Drug Prevention, Drug-Related AIDS/HIV or Hepatitis C, Harm Reduction (Methadone & Other Opiate Maintenance, Needle Exchange, Overdose Prevention, Pill Testing, Safer Injection Sites)Source and Transit CountriesAndean Drug War, Coca, Hashish, Mexican Drug War, Opium ProductionSpecific DrugsAlcohol, Ayahuasca, Cocaine (Crack Cocaine), Ecstasy, Heroin, Ibogaine, ketamine, Khat, Kratom, Marijuana (Gateway Theory, Marijuana -- Personal Use, Medical Marijuana, Hashish), Methamphetamine, New Synthetic Drugs (Synthetic Cannabinoids, Synthetic Stimulants), Nicotine, Prescription Opiates (Fentanyl, Oxycontin), Psilocybin / Magic Mushrooms, Psychedelics (LSD, Mescaline, Peyote, Salvia Divinorum)YouthGrade School, Post-Secondary School, Raves, Secondary School