Illinois Poised to Legalize Marijuana [FEATURE]

Illinois is poised to become the 11th state to legalize marijuana, as soon as Gov. J.B. Pritzker (D) signs into law a legalization bill passed with bipartisan support in both the House and the Senate last week. Pritzker pushed for the bill's passage.

Gov. J.B. Pritzker
(photo courtesy Chi Hack Night via Wikimedia)
When he signs, Illinois will become the first state to get a legalization bill all the way through the legislative process this year, and the first ever to create a system of taxed and regulated marijuana commerce through the legislative process rather than through a voter initiative. (Vermont's legislature legalized possession and cultivation but not sales in early 2018.)

The Senate approved the bill last Wednesday and the House concurred on Friday, the last day of the legislative session.

"The state of Illinois just made history, legalizing adult-use cannabis with the most equity-centric approach in the nation," Pritzker said in a statement upon passage of the bill. "This will have a transformational impact on our state, creating opportunity in the communities that need it most and giving so many a second chance."

Once the law goes into effect on January 1, Illinois residents 21 and over will be able to legally possess 30 grams of marijuana, 5 grams of concentrate, or 500 milligrams of THC in a marijuana-infused product. Out-of-staters will only be able to possess up to 15 grams of marijuana.

The right to grow one's own plants, however, was sacrificed in a bid to assuage critics and get the bill over the hump. The bill originally allowed for the home cultivation of up to five plants, but the loud opposition of law enforcement, who worried that it would make it more difficult to find illegal growers, along with Republican lawmakers and other interests, got that taken out.

Washington is the only other legal adult-use marijuana state that does not allow home cultivation.

It also took weakening of the expungement provision in the bill to bring some needed Republicans on board. When the bill was rolled out in the first week of May, it included language that would have created automatic expungement of criminal records for marijuana offenses that will no longer be a crime, but Republicans objected. Instead, bill sponsors agreed to language that removed automatic expungement and replaced it with language allowing the governor to pardon past offenses "with permission to expunge," but that will then require the filing of a petition to get it done, making it likely that many people with past marijuana convictions will not get their records expunged.

Excluding home grows and scaling back expungement was enough to get Republicans such as Rep. David Welter (R-Morris) on board, and that handful of GOP votes ensured passage of the bill.

"I'm a father of three from a rural district, and I'm standing before you supporting this bill because I do not believe the current policy that we have out there right now is working," Welter said during House debate. "Prohibition doesn't work, and we see that. Putting safeguards in place, taxing, regulating it, I believe provides a better market and a safer market."

The new law creates a system of licensed commercial cultivation operations and retail shops, while also setting up a social equity program to help minority businesses enter the emerging industry. That program will deploy grants and loans to such businesses, as well as establishing a grant fund to aid the communities most disproportionately affected by the war on drugs.

Legal marijuana is expected to generate some $87 million in tax revenues for the coming budget year, with $30 million going for a marijuana business development fund and $57 million headed for general revenues. That money will first pay for regulatory expenses and costs related to expungement. After that, the pot dollars will be divided among the general fund (35 percent), community grants (25 percent), mental health and substance abuse programs (20 percent, paying down the state's budget deficit (10 percent), supporting law enforcement (8 percent), and public education (2 percent).

Cook County State's Attorney Kim Foxx cheered the passage of the bill even though the expungement provisions were weakened, and vowed to fight

"I applaud the Illinois General Assembly for passing legislation that legalizes recreational cannabis and provides conviction relief to hundreds of thousands of Illinoisans with low-level charges of cannabis possession," she said in a statement. As prosecutors who implemented these convictions, we must own our role in the harm they have caused and we should play a role in reversing them. The failed war on drugs has disproportionately impacted communities of color, and my office will continue to explore ways to provide the broadest relief possible, beyond that provided by this legislation."

This year has been something of a disappointment for marijuana reformers, with much-touted legalization efforts in states such as Connecticut, New Jersey, and New York stalling out. Illinois was considered something of a dark horse, but now it has beat everyone else across the finish line.

And the Drug Policy Alliance, which has been working hard to get that New York bill passed, has taken notice.

"Illinois state representatives had the courage to pass comprehensive marijuana justice -- and made it their priority before the close of their legislative session," said DPA New York deputy director Melissa Moore. "As we enter the final three weeks of New York's session, our elected officials have a tremendous opportunity to show bold leadership and pass responsible regulation that will serve all New Yorkers and address the harms of marijuana prohibition. The time to act is now and the game plan is clear: Pass the Marijuana Regulation and Taxation Act immediately."

Whether New York or any other state can still get it done this year or not, the fabric of marijuana prohibition grows increasingly frayed. Thoroughly shredded on the West Coast and tattered in the Northeast, it now has a big hole in the heart of the Midwest with Illinois joining Michigan as a legal weed state.

And there's always next year, where voters in initiative states will have an opportunity to get it done themselves -- without having to deal with cumbersome legislative processes where a single committee chairman can kill a bill, or with recalcitrant lawmakers still stuck in the last century.

(Disclosure: Drug Policy Alliance is a financial supporter of Drug War Chronicle.)

Permission to Reprint: This article is licensed under a modified Creative Commons Attribution license.
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Dain Bramage's picture

Newageblues, it was the

Newageblues, it was the Republicans that insisted on removing homegrow from the IL bill.

 

"Excluding home grows and scaling back expungement was enough to get Republicans such as Rep. David Welter (R-Morris) on board, and that handful of GOP votes ensured passage of the bill."

 

Why can't you admit it?  Republicans are the number one enemy to marijuana legalization!   Not the Democrats, not Nancy Pelosi.

This is why I think you're just another Trumpanzee propagandist.

Hey -- if I'm wrong, show your hand, and prove it!

Republicans are the #1 enemy of marijuana legalization

No argument from me on that!

But I still don't know what Pelosi is waiting for on medicinal marijuana. Trump told a spectacular lie when he said he was 100% for medical marijuana. Why isn't Pelosi calling him on it, putting him on the spot by voting to reschedule cannabis? She'd have overwhelming public support for that. Maybe you can answer without the gratuitous insults? If you don't know the answer just say so.

Dain Bramage's picture

Are you fucking deaf?

Wow man, this like the fourth or fifth time you hit this lame talking point about Pelosi.  I guess Pelosi is the new "Hillary," eh?  The new boogy-woman on the alt-right?  Why you all are so scared of women?

1. Nothing Trump says can be believed.

2. Negotiating with Trump is a fool's errand, and Nancy Pelosi is no fool.  She understands that, in order for any progressive agenda to be advanced, including marijuana legalization (not just medical), Trump and the fascist Republicans must be defeated, not negotiated with.

3. Pelosi and all the Democrats and anybody with a brain knows Trump is a fucking liar.  Who is stupid enough to believe him?

4. Nancy Pelosi wants to see Trump in prison; as do I.

Dain Bramage's picture

Newageblues, Trump is not a

Newageblues, Trump is not a president, he is Putin operative and a traitor.

Legitimacy is the one thing Trump and the Republicans can never have.

Neither Pelosi, nor anyone else, should be negotiating with him as if he had any legitimacy.  They should be working to defeat the walking shit pile, along with every fucking Republican that covers for his crimes.

If you oppose Trump, as you imply, why do you insist on lending him credibility by blaming Pelosi instead of Trump?

Dain Bramage's picture

Which do you find more offensive?

Which do you find more offensive? 

A) "gratuitous insults"

B) serially kidnapping brown children

Dain Bramage's picture

Republicans don't have the

Republicans don't have the moral standing to lecture me about profanity.

They don't know the meaning of the word.

Fuck that white supremacist jagoff Trump, and fuck every scumbag Republican who covers for him.

Pelosi

Pelosi is on so many meds for age related dementia, she can't remember how to debate anymore.

 

That is the reason.  What else?

Dain Bramage's picture

Hows the weather in Russia, Trollfarm?

If you are a medical expert on Nancy Pelosi, I am Bonaparte Napoleon. 

Go fuck yourself, you sick, misogynistic, little turd.

 

The notion of a Trump supporter accusing ANYONE of dementia is laughable.  Here are some of the retarded things Trump says, when he's trying really, really hard to be smart:

Trump on his brain: "China has respect for Trump's very, very large brain."

Trump on George Washington: "If he was smart, he would've put his name on it.  You've got to put your name on stuff or nobody remembers you."

Trump on Trump: "I'm intelligent.  Some people would say I'm very, very, very intelligent."

 

 

 

Geez.  Nancy Pelosi is a genius, compared to Trump.  But then again... who isn't?

wrong

Okay your hate is unwarranted for the republican party. Washington state we have a democrat who is against canabis. Colorado democrats he was againast weed. Stop assuming democrat will have your back. When all they want is your money and power. Trump already said he will sign a bill that will remove cannabis from schedule 1. There is a lot of conservatives that smoke weed. Weed has no polical postion. No one owns it democrat party or republicans

Dain Bramage's picture

Kullninja,Wrong.  First, your

Kullninja,

Wrong.  First, your false equivalency between Democrats and Republicans is bogus, and tiresome.  Second, anyone who believes anything Trump says is a damn fool.

You simply don't know what the hell you are talking about.

That's nowhere near good enough from Trump

He should tell his DEA to reschedule. He should urge congress to act. Her said he was 100% for medicinal cannabis, 10% is more like it. 

In state after state, the Republicans are the biggest obstacle to legalization. Republican voters are quite split on cannabis legalization,  that's true, but the politicians they vote for are far less split, they are still overwhelmingly against legalizing weed.

Dain Bramage's picture

No, but you are closer

Newageblues, you are getting closer.  But...

1. No, Trump SHOULD be arrested and thrown in prison.  For treason against America.  And obstruction of justice.  And kidnapping.  And murder of a Washington Post journalist.  And... on and on and on and on.

2. No, nothing Trump says is true.  What Trump says don't mean shit.  So fuck all that.

3. No, Republican voters are NOT split on legalization, because they vote Republican regardless.   Eighty nine percent (89%) of Republicans support Trump.  Thus, their so-called "support" for legalization is meaningless and non-operative.  Or worse, and just as often, it is a political marketing ploy designed to soften the image of the baby-snatching, Nazi, white trash Republican party.  (See?  Sure, we eat babies, but we're "cool" too!)  Therefore, because Republicans protect and defend Trump, they too are nothing other than baby-snatching, Nazi, white trash.

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