Criminal Justice: Snapshots of the Drug War

Day after day, week after week, year after year, the war on drugs in the US is filling court dockets across the land. This week, we visit three different jurisdictions to get a snapshot of the role of the drug war down at the local courthouse.

In April, district court judges in Grayson County, Texas, about an hour north of Dallas, sentenced 95 people on felony charges. Of the 95 cases, the most serious charges in 16 were for simple methamphetamine possession, making that charge by far the most common of any before the court. Most people convicted of meth possession were given probation. One person was charged with enhanced meth possession and sentenced to 14 years, while two were charged with possession with intent to distribute. One got 20 years, the other got 10 years probation.

Seven people were sentenced for simple cocaine possession, with sentences ranging from probation to a month in jail to 10 years in prison. One person was sentenced for enhanced cocaine possession and got 6 years, while one other was sentenced for possession with intent to distribute and got 15 years. Four people were sentenced for possession of more than four ounces but less than five pounds of marijuana; two got probation, one got one year, and one got two years. One person was sentenced to two years in prison for possession of more than 50 pounds of marijuana.

Probation violators made up a sizeable contingent, with 13 being sentenced in April. Drug offenders accounted for nine of the violators, with meth, cocaine, and marijuana each accounting for three violators. Every drug-related probation violator was sent to prison, as were all other probation violators.

The rest of the cases where sentences were handed out were your typical array of assaults, aggravated and otherwise, burglaries, DWIs, frauds, robberies, and sexual assaults. In only two cases, aggravated sexual assaults on a child, were the sentences as long as the 20-year meth distribution sentence mentioned above.

All in all, persons charged under the drug laws accounted for 41 of the 95 cases adjudicated in Grayson County last month. That's more than 43% of the court's business being taken up with the drug war.

Meanwhile, down in the Pensacola, Florida, area, Tuesday was a typical day for felony arrests in Escambia and Santa Rosa counties. In Escambia County, there were five arrests for probation violation (original offense unspecified), four arrests for narcotics violations, three for aggravated assault, two for aggravated child abuse, and one for introducing contraband into a jail. All in all, 29 people were arrested on felony charges Tuesday, with only six directly linked to drug prohibition.

In neighboring Santa Rosa County, there were a total of nine felony arrests Tuesday. One was for drug possession, one for possession with intent to distribute. Three were for unspecified probation violations. Throw in an aggravated assault, a failure to appear, a DWI, and "throwing/shooting deadly missiles," and there's your daily docket.

If the drug war seems mellow in the Florida Panhandle, that's definitely not the case in Licking County, Ohio. Last Thursday, five people had bond hearings in Licking County Municipal Court in Newark. All five were on drug charges, and every case seems to be an example of over-charging. Three people were charged with drug trafficking offenses for buying drugs. As the local paper noted in the case of a woman charged with crack cocaine trafficking: " On April 11, she allegedly was observed by Central Ohio Drug Enforcement Task Force buying less than one gram of crack cocaine, according to court reports."

One woman was charged with aggravated drug possession for having a methadone tablet without a prescription. But most bizarre was the charge facing a Newark woman. She was charged with "permitting drug abuse, a fifth-degree felony." As the local paper noted: "Between March 29 and 30, [she] allegedly allowed an associate to buy about seven grams of methamphetamine on two occasions. Both alleged purchases were made in the vicinity of a Newark City school, according to court reports."

In Licking County, Ohio, the drug war accounted for all the court's business one day last week. In Grayson County, Texas, the drug war accounted for nearly half of the court's business last month. In the Florida Panhandle, the proportion was much lower. But all across the country, drug prohibition is taking up the time of police, prosecutors, judges, and prison guards. But then again, that's their choice because policing and prosecuting drug offenses is a matter of deliberate policy.

Permission to Reprint: This article is licensed under a modified Creative Commons Attribution license.
Looking for the easiest way to join the anti-drug war movement? You've found it!

Florida: Come on vacation, leave on probation, back on violation

April 27th, Osceola County (Home of Disney World) the cops did a sting, sold soap, busted about forty people here including me.

My bail? $8,500.00 for two felonies because I bought a twenty dollar piece of phony coke.

The jail is privatized to the tune of $180.00 a day per inmate.
I'm told one of the three principals in the ownership is a local judge. Gives me chills.
Dale Kent
No longer a quiet victim.

Now here's a laugh, the validation code for this post is PERP!
Random computer humor?

what is "enhanced" possession?

Having too much?

windy

I for one have a family member (nephew) who is serving 10 years for Conspiracy to drug charge, non- violent first offender. Who is white, the majority incarcerated are blacks. It's out of control, people need to step up. I visit this prison camp, it's so sad....and there's no need for such harsh sentences. These type of sentences will continue to be given out , unless we make a deastic change. America , speak out ! Please.

absolutely!

i know for myself ,as i live in canada, i have seen in jail people doing time with rediclous sentences for drugs and then 700 miles away in b.c you have so many people getting busted for the same thing and being released right on the spot ! what is this , were still in canada and how can the government actually think that we do not see whats happening here ,its bull crap! i have seen alot of crap and the more i see inside the system astonishes ,but certainly not like the govn't bull shit ! they get away with some f***ed up s**t!

Enhanced

I think that is like a past charge added ....???? Not sure

throwing/shooting deadly missiles

does that mean reckless use of a bow?

snapshots

Gee, it sure would be great to have actual photos of these places to go along with the text!

new column

I like the idea of this column almost as much as I like the corrupt cops column. Why not make it weekly! These types of reports show the hidden (or at least unstressed) realities of life in a drug war, a valuable service to inquiring minds indeed.

obscene drug laws, sentences...

This column is an eye-opener and I am showing or sending it to everyone I know. On top of the money needed to keep these narx fed and watered, they collect when they go to court to ensure they get credit for their diligence in busting the desperate, the obvious or the mentally off, for whatever reason.
There are more stupid laws being written every day, as the powers that be try to plug the loopholes in this asinine war on citizens. These citizens are our relatives, friends and neighbours; every one of them caught up in this obscene dragnet is a daughter, a son, a parent, and/or an upstanding community member.
Remember, we are all in this together. Spread the word, talk to people, let them know what they are really being saved from.
I notice none of the arrestees mentioned above are charged with gang affiliation or violence to obtain drugs; where are all these bad people who sell around school yards? Where are the guys who "...get girls wired and turn them out..."? What are their sentences?
And as for the LEOs who get caught, why are they getting off light? They can't all be doing research!
Keep up the good work, folks. I live in God's country, western Canada, and nothing is different here. Same s**t, different day.

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