press release from Dale
Gieringer of California NORML, 12/17/02
US Judge Martin Jenkins (San
Francisco) displayed a keen interest in the civil suit by Angel Raich,
Diane Monson, et al. for an injunction to protect their right to use medical
marijuana, declaring that the case raised "significant issues" concerning
the government's constitutional authority to prohibit medical use of marijuana.
Defense attorneys were impressed
by Jenkins' evident grasp of their arguments, his willingness to grapple
with the fundamental issues, and his thorough familiarity with all of the
legal precedents in the case. "This was the most thorough hearing of medical
marijuana given by any court," said defense attorney David Michael, a veteran
of numerous medical marijuana cases.
Jenkins began with a twenty
minute exposition of what he saw as the key legal issues in the case, to
- Whether the court was bound
by previous Ninth Circuit precedents to regard all marijuana cultivation
and possession as interstate commerce, as ruled by Judge Fogel in his WAMM
decision, or whether, as defense attorneys argued, these precedents did
not cover medical marijuana use, in which case the court would be free
to rule on the matter as a case of first impression.
- The applicability of the
Supreme Court's Lopez and Morrison decisions restricting the government's
authority under the interstate commerce clause. Defense attorney Prof.
Randy Barnett argued that the Morrison decision, which postdated Lopez,
had raised the bar for establishing jurisdiction under interstate commerce,
so that preceding appellate rulings were suspect.
- Whether the right to use
medical marijuana for relief of pain and suffering was protected as a fundamental
liberty interest by the Ninth amendment and substantive due process. Barnett,
a leading Ninth Amendment scholar, argued that what was at issue was the
right of control of one's own body, and that no right could be more fundamental.
Attorney Robert Raich, arguing on behalf of his wife, Angel Raich, poignantly
noted that medical cannabis was necessary for her very survival.
- Whether and how Judge Kozinski's
concurring opinion in the Conant case, which suggested that the federal
government was operating at the outer fringes of its power, might be relevant.
Jenkins noted that Kozinski's opinion was not controlling precedent, and
that it had applied to conduct (namely making a physician's recommendation)
that was not clearly illegal under federal law.
- How to weigh the equity
issues raised by the "mighty conflict" between state law and the Controlled
Substances Act. Jenkins suggested that the key issue was federalism, even
more than interstate commerce.
Jenkins spent over two hours
discussing the issues, mostly with the three defense attorneys. US Attorney
Mark Quinliven appeared alone on the government's side, perfunctorily repeating
the government's familiar arguments. Jenkins brushed aside his contention
that the right to medicine had been negated by the Supreme Court's Rutherford
decision concerning Laetrile, noting that case had been decided in a "different
Judge Jenkins left little
grounds to doubt that he will deliver a thoughtful, well informed, possibly
landmark decision on the medical marijuana question. We will be waiting
with bated breath, probably for several weeks.
Visit California NORML
at http://www.canorml.org online.
-- END --
Issue #268, 12/20/02
Special Offer Continues -- DRCNet Needs Your Help! | Editorial: Expanding the Chorus | 108 Euro-Parliamentarians Call for Legal, Regulated Drug Trade, Reform of UN Conventions | Congressional Drug Warrior Having Doubts: Dan Burton's Near Epiphany | Michigan Legislature Repeals Mandatory Minimum Drug Laws | Canadian Marijuana Activists Skeptical on Decrim | Canadian Supreme Court Postpones Marijuana Cases, Cites Parliament Report, Justice Minister Statement on Decrim | DRCNet Book Review: "Busted: Stone Cowboys, Narco-Lords, and Washington's War on Drugs" | And the Winners Are | Federal Judge Shows Keen Interest in Raich/Monson Medical Marijuana Case | Bolivia Coca Growers Announce Blockades for January 6 -- Will Continue Dialogue | DC Measure 62 Clears Hurdle, Goes to Congress 268/jeffjones Newsbrief: Oakland Cannabis Co-op Director Founded Guilty on Federal Jury Tampering Charges, Handed Out Flyer at Epis Trial | Newsbrief: This Week's Corrupt Cop Story | Newsbrief: Stop the Presses! Poor, Blacks Face Brunt of Houston Drug War | Newsbrief: Texas ACLU Report Slams Task Forces, Calls for End to $200 Million Annual Boondoogle | Newsbrief: MPP Continues "War on Drug Czar" -- More Complaints to be Filed, O'Reilly Appearance Tonight | Newsbrief: Budget Cuts Free Kentucky Drug Prisoners -- Oklahoma Next? | Newsbrief: Nickelodeon Censors Beverly Hillbillies Marijuana References | Newsbrief: Asset Forfeiture Unconstitutional in New Jersey | Media Scan: Joycelyn Elders in Globe and Mail, George McMahon in Fort Worth Weekly, Jeff and Tracy, Santa Fe New Mexican, Medscape | DC Job Opportunities at DRCNet | Action Alerts: Rave Bill, Medical Marijuana, Higher Education Act Drug Provision, Tulia, Salvia Divinorum | The Reformer's Calendar
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