RSS Feed for this category

Republican Gubernatorial Candidate Moffett Goes on Record Supporting Industrial Hemp

United States
Phil Moffett said Friday he's willing to "go to the carpet" to legalize the production of industrial hemp in Kentucky. The Louisville businessman voiced support for industrial hemp in a question and answer session with libertarian voters in Lexington on Thursday and again Friday in an interview with The Associated Press.
Bloomberg (NY)

Electric Car Made of Hemp to Be Made in Canada

Calgary, AB
Calgary's Motive Industries announced it would introduce an electric car whose bio-composite body is made from hemp. The prototype of the four-passenger, zero-emission vehicle, known as the Kestrel, is to be unveiled at an electric mobility trade show in Vancouver in September and would be the first of its kind in Canada.
The Edmonton Journal (Canada)

1st Annual Tacoma HempFest

Tacoma Hemp Company and Eat/Fly are proud to present the 1st Annual Tacoma Hempfest! This event will focus on the medical and industrial uses for hemp/cannabis, and also show off plenty of local talent: artists, performers, bands, shops! The Tacoma Hempfest will be in beautiful Wright Park, so come down and enjoy the trees, the people and the fun! Admission is free for everyone! We will have plenty of Sensible Washington supporters on hand to gather signatures for I-1068 to RELEGALIZE marijuana in Washington! Come show your support for freedom! Cost / Admission: FREE TO ALL Contact Info: Justin Prince at tacomahempfest@gmail.com or 253-459-5625. Also, see www.sensiblewashington.org.
Sat, 06/26/2010 - 9:00am - 9:00pm
Tacoma, WA 98405
United States

HEMP - The most versatile illegal plant on the planet

HEMP IS QUITE LITERALLY THE MOST VERSATILE, USEFUL PLANT KNOWN TO MAN. But in America it is "illegal" - why is this the case? Hemp was made illegal not because it was dangerous but because it was SO USEFUL. Please consider the following FACTS about HEMP: ONE ACRE of HEMP will produce 1000 gallons of Biodiesel (or methanol) - compare that to only between 300-423 gallons//acre for the currently subsidized corn. COMPLETELY NON-TOXIC Hemp seed oil can be used in bio-diesel engines. Methyl esters, or bio-diesel, can be made from any oil or fat including hemp seed oil. The reaction requires the oil, an alcohol (usually methanol), and a catalyst, which produces bio-diesel and small amount of glycerol or glycerin. When co-fired with 15% methanol, bio-diesel fuel produces CLEAN ENERGY that produces LESS THAN ONE-THIRD the pollution of petroleum diesel. 2) Energy and Fuel from Hemp Stalks via Pyrolysis Pyrolysis is a technique of applying high heat to biomass, or organic plants and tree matter, using little or no air. Reduced emissions from coal-fired power plants and automobiles can be accomplished by converting biomass to fuel utilizing pyrolysis technology. The process can produce, from lingo-cellulosic material (like the stalks of hemp), charcoal, gasoline, ethanol, non-condensable gasses, acetic acid, acetone, methane, and methanol. Process adjustments can be done to favor charcoal, pyrolytic oil, gas, or methanol, with 95.5% fuel-to-feed ratios. Around 68% of the energy of the raw biomass will be contained in the charcoal and fuel oils -- renewable energy generated here at home, instead of overpaying for foreign petroleum. Hemp vs. Fossil Fuels Pyrolysis facilities can use the same technology used now to process fossil fuel oil and coal. Petroleum coal and oil conversion is more efficient in terms of fuel-to-feed ratio, but there are many advantages to conversion by pyrolysis. 1) Biomass has a heating value of 5000-8000 BTU/lb, with virtually no ash or sulfur emissions. 2) Ethanol, methanol, methane gas, and gasoline can be derived from biomass at a fraction of the cost of the current cost of oil, coal, or nuclear energy, especially when environmental costs are factored in. 3) When an energy crop is growing, it takes carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air, and releases an equal amount when it is burned, creating a balanced system, unlike petroleum fuels, which only release CO2. When an energy crop like hemp is grown on a massive scale, it will initially lower the CO2 in the air, and then stabilize it at a level lower than before the planting of the energy crop. 4) Use of biomass would end acid rain, sulfur-based smogs, and could REVERSE the greenhouse effect. RENEWABLE HEMP COULD TOTALLY REPLACE COAL: Unlike petroleum reserves, America has enough coal to last 100-300 years, but burning it for electricity puts sulfur (toxic to every membrane in which it comes in contact, especially the simplest life forms - into the air, which leads to acid rain, which kills 50,000 Americans, and 5,000 - 10,000 Canadians, annually, and destroys the forests, river, and animals. Charcoal can be created from biomass through pyrolysis (charcoaling), which has nearly the same heating value in BTU as coal, virtually without sulfur. Biomass can also be co-fired with coal to reduce emissions. RENEWABLE HEMP COULD TOTALLY REPLACE BOTH ETHANOL AND METHONOL Ethanol is a water-free, high-octane alcohol which can be used as fuel to drive cars. Under current conditions, use of ethanol-blended fuels such as E85 (85% ethanol and 15% gasoline) can reduce net emissions of greenhouse gases by as much as 37.1%. Ethanol-powered vehicles do suffer in performance (barely), but ethanol is effective as a fuel additive because it helps engines burn cleaner. Once pyrolysis facilities are up and running, converting biomass into charcoal for electrical power plants, it will be more feasible to build the complex gasification systems to required to produce ethanol and/or methanol from the cubed biomass, or to make high-octane lead-free gasoline from the methanol using a catalytic process already developed by Georgia Tech University in conjunction with the Mobil Oil Corporation. Ethanol is currently being used as a fuel additive, replacing toxic methyl tertiary ether (MTBE). Ethanol producers are currently providing only 1% of America's liquid fuel. Soon though, as new development processes are researched, and with the use of hemp, the plant worlds number one producer of biomass, the cost of this alternative fuel will give petroleum VERY STIFF competition. THIS IS WHY HEMP IS CURRENTLY BANNED. The OIL COMPANIES DO NOT DESIRE COMPETITION - and we ALLOW THEM TO GET LAWS PASSED PROTECTING THEIR SELF INTERESTS. Hydrolysis: A process whereby cellulose is converted to fermentable glucose, which holds the greatest promise for production and feedstock, because it could produce 100 gallons/ton. Tim Castleman and the Fuel and Fiber Company are researching this technology. Their method extracts the high-value bast fiber as first step. Then the remaining core material (mostly hurd) is converted to alcohol (methanol, ethanol), and then to glucose. Hydrolysis could produce 300,000 to 600,000 tons of biomass per year per facility, if each facility could process input from 60,000 to 170,000 acres. Gasification: A form of pyrolysis which converts biomass into synthetic gas, such as ethanol, and low grade fuel oil with an energy content of about 40% that of petroleum diesel. This process is good for community power-corporation and people seeking self-sufficient energy needs. A small modular bio-powered system is in place in the village of Alaminos in the Philippines, using gasification techniques for energy. Anaerobic Digestion: A process of capturing methane from green waste material (biomass). This process is toxic, but well suited for distributed power generation when co-located with electrical generation equipment. Boiler: Biomass can also be burned in a boiler, but this energy has a value of $30-50 ton, which makes it impractical due to the higher value of hemp fiber, unless used on a local small scale, and in remote rural applications. HEMP PRODUCES THE MOST BIOMASS OF ANY PLANT ON EARTH. Hemp is AT LEAST FOUR TIMES RICHER in biomass/cellulose potential than its nearest rivals: cornstalks, sugarcane, kenaf, trees, etc. Hemp produces the most biomass of any crop, which is why it is the natural choice for an energy crop. Hemp converts the sun's energy into cellulose faster than any other plant, through photosynthesis. Hemp can produce 10 tons of biomass per acre every four months. Enough RENEWABLE energy could be produced by ONLY 6% of the US landmass to PROVIDE SUFFICIENT ENERGY FOR OUR ENTIRE COUNTRY (cars, heat homes, electricity, industry) -- and we use 25% of the world's energy. To put which in perspective, right now we pay farmers not to grow on 6% (around 90 million acres) of the farming land, while another 500 million acres of marginal farmland lies fallow. This land could be used to grow hemp as an energy crop. AND THIS IS USING ONLY THE SIX PERCENT OF SURPLUS LAND. Imagine the results if the government subsidized HEMP INSTEAD OF INEDIBLE, GENETICALLY MODIFIED CORN. America would quickly become the premier supplier of energy TO THE WORLD. HEMP AS FOOD FOR CATTLE: Presently, we use inedible corn as the primary source of feed for cattle. This is highly toxic to the cow, and can kill a cow if fed an exclusive diet of corn for an extended period of time (greater than 6 months). HEMP, on the other hand, is actually GOOD FOR THE COW. Hemp fed beef is both healthier and better tasting than corn fed beef. If we replaced the now government subsidized inedible corn with HEMP, the result would be a healthier, safer meat for our fast-food starved America. Conclusion HEMP IS ONLY A THREAT TO ESTABLISHED AND ENTRENCHED CORPORATE PROFIT MARGINS. ANYTHING WHICH CAN BE PRODUCED USING OUR LIMITED RESOURCES OF HIGHLY TOXIC FOSSIL FUELS CAN BE PRODUCED FROM NON-TOXIC, RENEWABLE HEMP. We have allowed ourselves to be completely misguided by condemning this, the greatest plant on earth. We owe it to ourselves and our CHILDREN to REVERSE THESE LAWS and REMOVE ALL RESTRICTIONS from the research and use of the most valuable, nontoxic renewable resource known to man. If we would redirect this great country's resources to the full implementation of hemp, we would ELIMINATE DANGEROUS FOSSIL FUEL EXPLORATION and become THE WORLD LEADER in CLEAN energy production.

Hemp Hoe Down 10

For ten years the Hemp Hoe Down has brought you the best party, the best music, and the only hemp advocacy celebration in South Dakota, right here in the Black Hills. Free camping, rain or shine, indoor/outdoor, all ages, no drugs, no glass, no underage drinking, and leashed friendly dogs only. Tickets available at the gate. For more information, see http://www.hemphoedown.com/. BACKGROUND: The Hemp Hoe Down was conceived in 2001 as a fundraiser to finance the efforts of Joe Stein, Dale Gatzke, and Another Person as they tried to reason with the South Dakota Legislature. They presented evidence to the legislature that hemp was a viable -- in fact traditional -- South Dakota crop. The legislature said Stein, Gatzke and Another Person were trying to legalize drugs. The Hemp Hoe Down has continued for 10 years, and is now the premier music and sustainable living cultural event of the Spring in western South Dakota. Its premise has always been the Cultivation of Sustainable Living and the Destruction of Counterproductive Laws. The South Dakota Legislature continues to cling to beliefs about hemp created by massive disinformation campaigns and superstition. Joe Stein died. Dale Gatzke moved on to other pursuits. Another Person is under a court order that prohibits him from saying that hemp is not marijuana. The 10th Annual Black Hills Hemp Hoe Down devotes the 2010 Hemp Hoe Down to the warriors -- all of us who defy the absurd governmental convention that "hemp is marijuana." That includes everyone who comes to the Hemp Hoe Down. Come early, stay late. This is gonna be a great party!
Thu, 05/13/2010 - 12:00pm - Sun, 05/16/2010 - 2:00am
13014 Pleasant Valley Rd (I-90 Exit 37)
Sturgis, SD 57785
United States

Jack Herer Has Died

Jack Herer, author of "The Emperor Wears No Clothes," died this morning in Eugene, Oregon. He had been in ill health since suffering a heart attack at the Portland Hempstock Festival last Fall. Here's the report from the Salem News:
The Hemperor, Jack Herer has Died (SALEM, Ore.) - The sad news has been confirmed. Jack Herer, author of Emperor Wears No Clothes and renowned around the world for hemp activism, has died at 11:17 a.m. today, in Eugene, Oregon. Jack Herer suffered a heart attack last September just after speaking on stage at the Portland HempStalk festival. The last seven months have proven to be a huge challenge to the man, with several health issues making his recovery complicated. Jack Herer's health has been poor lately, this last week there have been reports of the severity, and an outpouring of prayers on his behalf. "It's shocking news, even after these last seven, trying months," said Paul Stanford, THCF Executive Director. "Jack Herer has been a good friend and associate of mine for over 30 years. I was there when he had the heart attack at our Hempstalk festival and I know he wouldn’t appreciate the quality of life he's endured these last months. Still he will be greatly missed. I honor his memory." "No other single person has done more to educate people all across the world about industrial hemp and marijuana as Jack Herer. His book is translated into a dozen different languages, it's a bestseller in Germany," added Stanford. "The Hempstalk stage will forever be the Jack Herer Memorial stage. And, a Memorial is planned to be built where he fell that day," Stanford said. "His legacy will continue to inspire and encourage for generations to come."

Hemp: Idaho Resolution Supporting Industrial Production Fails in Legislature

A resolution supporting the legalization of industrial hemp production died Wednesday in the Idaho House Agricultural Affairs Committee. The bill was sponsored by Rep. Tom Trail (R-Moscow), who said hemp could be a multi-million dollar industry for Idaho farmers and create jobs and tax revenues for the state.

hemp plants
According to the Idaho Reporter, Trail made a strong case for hemp, arguing that it could be used in thousands of food and fashion products and that because of its low THC levels, it would not impact the drug trade.

"To get a high from industrial hemp you'd have to build a cigar the size of a telephone pole," Trail explained.

But Rep. Dennis Lake (R-Blackfoot) objected, saying allowing industrial hemp would place an unneeded burden on law enforcement. Police could have trouble differentiating between hemp and marijuana, Lake worried.

Trail responded by saying that during his research for the bill, he had met with law enforcement in Canada, where hemp production is legal, and they told him marijuana growers are not "stupid enough" to plant in hemp fields because of cross-pollination. Marijuana plants pollinated by hemp plants would see their THC content shrink and their fiber content increase, making them less desirable to pot smokers.

Another cosponsor of the resolution, Rep. Brian Cronin (D-Boise) told lawmakers the state is losing out on jobs and tax revenues because of the federal hemp ban. The public and lawmakers suffer from a "fundamental misunderstanding of what hemp is," he said. "It's as American as apple pie. Both Washington and Jefferson grew hemp, and the Declaration of Independence was written on hemp paper," he added.

A third cosponsor, Rep. Eric Anderson (R-Priest Lake), echoed the charge that America is missing out because of the federal hemp ban. "We spend hundreds of millions buying it from Canada," Anderson said. "There is not a day that goes by that we don't use hemp products."

That wasn't enough to sway their fellow lawmakers. Rep. Lake proposed killing the bill, but that motion failed on a 5-5 tie vote. Rep. Donna Pence (D-Gooding) then asked the committee to send the measure to the full House for further consideration. That request also failed on a 5-5 tie vote, effectively killing the bill.

Hemp: North Dakota Farmers Lose Appeal in 8th US Circuit

The 8th US Circuit Court of Appeals in St. Louis last Tuesday upheld a lower court's decision to dismiss a lawsuit by a pair of North Dakota hemp farmers who argued they should be able to grow hemp crops without fear of federal prosecution.

first North Dakota hemp license signing (agdepartment.com )
Farmers Wayne Hauge and David Monson, who is also a Republican state representative, were awarded licenses from the state department of agriculture to grow hemp three years ago. They sought approval from the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), and after the DEA failed to respond, they filed suit in US District Court in Bismarck. There, US District Judge Daniel Hovland dismissed their suit.

The DEA considers hemp to be marijuana. It took a successful federal court challenge to force the DEA to continue to allow for hemp food products to be imported, but American farmers are still forced to stand on the sidelines and watch as their Canadian, Chinese, and European counterparts fill their wallets with profit from hemp sales.

"I guess the next step is we'll have to take it to Congress," Hauge told the Associated Press. "The fastest and easiest way to handle this would be for the president to order the Department of Justice to stand down on all actions against industrial hemp," he added, alluding wistfully to the department's announced policy shift on medical marijuana.

But Congress has other things on its plate, Monson told the AP. "With all the other things, hemp is not high on their priority list, and I can understand that," Monson said. "Somehow, we need to get enough states involved so Congress can take action on it," Monson said.

Adam Eidinger, a spokesman for the industry association VoteHemp, said he was disappointed, but not surprised, by the decision."The 8th Circuit is kind of conservative, so I can't say I'm totally surprised," he said.

No word yet on whether VoteHemp and the farmers will pursue the case any further.

At the Statehouse: Sentencing, Drug Testing, Good Samaritan, Hemp, and SWAT Bills

As 2009 winds up, we present the last installment in our series of articles on drug reform in state legislatures. This week, we look at Good Samaritan bills, sentencing bills, drug testing bills, and a hemp bill and a SWAT bill.

Rhode Island Senate chamber
Although we have tried to be comprehensive, we might have missed something. If we have, please write to us here.

Good Samaritan Bills

Connecticut: A bill that would protect overdose victims and the people seeking help for them from prosecution, HB 5445, was introduced in January and referred to the Joint Committee on the Judiciary, where it got a hearing in March. It has not moved since.

Hawaii: A bill providing limited immunity from prosecution for overdose victims and those seeking to help them, HB 532, was introduced in January, passed the Health Committee on an 8-0 vote in February, and was assigned to the Judiciary Committee. It has now been held over for the 2010 session.

Maryland: A bill that would protect overdose victims and the people seeking help for them from prosecution, HB 1273, passed the House on a 135-0 vote in March, passed the Senate on a 47-0 vote in April, and was signed into law by Gov. Martin O'Malley in May.

Nebraska: A bill protecting drug overdose victims and those seeking to assist them from prosecution, LB 383, was introduced in January and got a hearing before the Judiciary Committee in March, but has not moved since.

New York: A bill that would provide protection to drug overdose victims and those seeking to help them, A 8147, was introduced in May and referred to the Assembly Rules Committee in June, where it has sat ever since. A companion measure, S 5191, was introduced in April and has sat before the Senate Codes Committee ever since.

Rhode Island: A bill that would provide limited immunity from prosecution for drug overdose victims and those trying to help them, S 194, was introduced in February and referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee, where it has been stalled ever since.

Washington: A bill that would protect overdose victims and those trying to help them from prosecution, HB 1796, was introduced in January and approved by the Committee on Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness in February. It was then referred to the House Rules Committee, where it died for lack of action.

Drug Testing

Kansas: A bill that would have required people who seek public assistance to undergo drug testing, HB 2275, passed the House on a 99-26 vote in March. It was referred to the Senate Public Health and Welfare Committee at that time, but has not moved since.

Louisiana: A bill that would have required welfare recipients to undergo drug testing, HB 137, died in June on an 11-5 vote in the House Appropriations Committee.

Missouri: A bill that would have made it a crime to falsify a drug test or to sell or transport drug test adulterants, HB 446, was introduced in May and promptly went nowhere. It is currently "not on the calendar." A bill that would require drug testing of welfare recipients upon "reasonable suspicion," SB 73, won a hearing before the Senate Progress and Development Committee in February, but has been dormant ever since.

West Virginia: A bill that would have mandated random drug tests for people who receive food stamps or unemployment benefits, HB 3007, was blocked in committee. A last ditch effort to revive it via a House floor vote was defeated 70-30 on a straight party line vote. Republicans voted for it.


Louisiana: A bill, HB 630, which would grant parole eligibility to people sentenced to life without parole for heroin offenses, passed the House and Senate in the spring and became law without the governor's signature in July. It became effective August 15.

Massachusetts: The state Senate last month approved SB 2210, which grants parole eligibility to nonviolent drug offenders serving mandatory minimum sentences. But the House recessed without taking action on the measure.

New Jersey: A bill that would give judges discretion to waive mandatory minimum sentences for some drug offenses, SB 1866, passed the Senate Judiciary Committee on November 23 and passed Senate yesterday. Its companion measure, A2762, passed the Assembly last year, and Gov. Jon Corzine (D) has said he will sign the bill.

New York: The legislature and Gov. David Paterson (D) came to an agreement in March on a second round of reforms to the state's draconian Rockefeller drug laws. The reforms, which went into effect in October, included returning judicial discretion in low-level drug cases, expanding treatment and reentry services, expanding drug courts, and allowing some 1,500 people imprisoned for low-level drug offenses to apply for resentencing.


Oregon: Oregon became the 17th state to pass legislation favorable to hemp farming and the ninth state to remove legal barriers to farming the potentially lucrative crop as Gov. Ted Kulongoski (D) in August signed into law SB 676, an industrial hemp act sponsored by state Sen. Floyd Prozanski (D). The bill removes all state legal obstacles to growing hemp for food, fiber, and other industrial purposes. It passed the House 46-11 and the Senate 27-2. Industrial hemp production remains prohibited under federal law.


Maryland: Gov. Martin O'Malley signed into law a bill that will require law enforcement SWAT teams to regularly report on their activities. The bill was largely a response to a misbegotten drug raid last July in Prince Georges County in which Berwyn Heights Mayor Cheye Calvo and his family were doubly victimized -- first by drug traffickers who used their address for a marijuana delivery, then by Prince Georges County police, who killed the family's two pet dogs and mistreated Calvo and his mother-in-law for several hours. The bill, the SWAT Team Activation and Reporting Act (HB 1267), requires all law enforcement agencies that operate SWAT teams to submit monthly reports on their activities, including when and where they are used, and whether the operations result in arrests, seizures or injuries.

Jack Herer Benefit Event

All are invited to a benefit event for hemp icon and author, Jack Herer. The Village Ballroom is located above the Oregon Cannabis Cafe, Oregon NORML's new medical marijuana patent resource center that has received a firestorm of publicity since opening last month. The benefit is organized by The Hemp & Cannabis Foundation (THCF), and cosponsored by Oregon NORML and Texas-based Waco NORML. We are joining together to raise money for Jack Herer, who suffered a heart attack after delivering a passionate speech on stage at the Portland Hempstalk Festival this past September 2009. Jack had been traveling around the world for decades, promoting industrial hemp and his seminal book on the subject, The Emperor Wears No Clothes. The first edition of Jack's book was written in Portland in 1985. Jack has a business in Portland and lived here for several years. Jack Herer was also the subject of a video biography, The Emperor of Hemp, that played on PBS and HBO. The benefit features music from two bands, Pass Margo and Tim Pate and Friends, who are donating their time to show support for Jack. It is sure to be a memorable evening and a great chance for the community to give back to the founder of the hemp movement, known worldwide as "The Emperor of Hemp". Jack's passion for the movement toward legalization of hemp and cannabis has inspired millions around the world to realize what potential lies in the cannabis plant. "I don't want to wait 20 or 50 years for something to be done about petrochemical pollution," Jack Herer said. Jack worked for years on initiative petition campaigns to legalize marijuana. Despite his current health issues, he remains strong and positive for the future of hemp. Jack is now recovering in Eugene, Oregon, and making positive strides daily. He is a fighter and will surely overcome this obstacle to see the hemp plant restored to its rightful place in society. There is a fund for Jack's recovery set up at US Bank to help the Herer family financially during this challenging time. If you can't attend this Friday's benefit event, you may go to any US Bank and advise the teller you are depositing into the JACK HERER DONATION FUND. Please donate what you can, your support is greatly appreciated!
Fri, 12/04/2009 - 8:00pm - 11:59pm
700 Northeast Dekum Street
Portland, OR 97211
United States

Drug War Issues

Criminal JusticeAsset Forfeiture, Collateral Sanctions (College Aid, Drug Taxes, Housing, Welfare), Court Rulings, Drug Courts, Due Process, Felony Disenfranchisement, Incarceration, Policing (2011 Drug War Killings, 2012 Drug War Killings, 2013 Drug War Killings, 2014 Drug War Killings, Arrests, Eradication, Informants, Interdiction, Lowest Priority Policies, Police Corruption, Police Raids, Profiling, Search and Seizure, SWAT/Paramilitarization, Task Forces, Undercover Work), Probation or Parole, Prosecution, Reentry/Rehabilitation, Sentencing (Alternatives to Incarceration, Clemency and Pardon, Crack/Powder Cocaine Disparity, Death Penalty, Decriminalization, Defelonization, Drug Free Zones, Mandatory Minimums, Rockefeller Drug Laws, Sentencing Guidelines)CultureArt, Celebrities, Counter-Culture, Music, Poetry/Literature, Television, TheaterDrug UseParaphernalia, ViolenceIntersecting IssuesCollateral Sanctions (College Aid, Drug Taxes, Housing, Welfare), Violence, Border, Budgets/Taxes/Economics, Business, Civil Rights, Driving, Economics, Education (College Aid), Employment, Environment, Families, Free Speech, Gun Policy, Human Rights, Immigration, Militarization, Money Laundering, Pregnancy, Privacy (Search and Seizure, Drug Testing), Race, Religion, Science, Sports, Women's IssuesMarijuana PolicyGateway Theory, Hemp, Marijuana -- Personal Use, Marijuana Industry, Medical MarijuanaMedicineMedical Marijuana, Science of Drugs, Under-treatment of PainPublic HealthAddiction, Addiction Treatment (Science of Drugs), Drug Education, Drug Prevention, Drug-Related AIDS/HIV or Hepatitis C, Harm Reduction (Methadone & Other Opiate Maintenance, Needle Exchange, Overdose Prevention, Safe Injection Sites)Source and Transit CountriesAndean Drug War, Coca, Hashish, Mexican Drug War, Opium ProductionSpecific DrugsAlcohol, Ayahuasca, Cocaine (Crack Cocaine), Ecstasy, Heroin, Ibogaine, ketamine, Khat, Marijuana (Gateway Theory, Marijuana -- Personal Use, Medical Marijuana, Hashish), Methamphetamine, New Synthetic Drugs (Synthetic Cannabinoids, Synthetic Stimulants), Nicotine, Prescription Opiates (Fentanyl, Oxycontin), Psychedelics (LSD, Mescaline, Peyote, Salvia Divinorum)YouthGrade School, Post-Secondary School, Raves, Secondary School