Drug War Chronicle

comprehensive coverage of the War on Drugs since 1997

Voting Rights: Florida Clemency Board Votes to Restore to Most Felons

Nearly five million ex-felons nationwide are banned from voting, but that number will shrink by around 600,000 because the state of Florida has decided to let most of its felons easily regain their rights. The move came Thursday, when Gov. Charlie Crist (R) persuaded the state's clemency board that it was time to "leave the ranks of offensive states" that uniformly bar ex-offenders from voting.

Up until now, Florida felons who had completed their sentences had to undergo a lengthy and torturous process to regain their civil rights. But now, all except convicted murderers, sexual predators, and "violent career criminals" will automatically regain those rights. That means up to 80% of an estimated 950,000 disenfranchised Floridians will be able to vote.

The decision came on a 3-1 vote by the clemency board. The only dissenter was notorious drug warrior and former US representative Bill McCollum.

Now, only Kentucky and Virginia automatically and uniformly deny voting rights to ex-felons.

Drug War Chronicle Book Review: "Policing the Globe: Criminalization and Crime Control in International Relations," by Peter Andreas and Ethan Nadelmann. (2006, Oxford University Press, 333 pp., $29.95 HB)

The academic discipline of international relations pays little heed to crime control and the academic discipline of criminal justice pays little heed to international politics, note Peter Andreas and Ethan Nadelmann early in "Policing the Globe." That has left a lacunae they have nicely filled in their study of the rise of international cooperation in policing -- and where it might go from here.

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You couldn't come up with a better pair to tackle this subject than Andreas and Nadelmann. Andreas, a professor of political science and international relations at Brown University, has done extensive work on the US-Mexico border. And I assume most readers are familiar with Nadelmann as head of the Drug Policy Alliance, where he serves as the country's most prominent drug reform advocate. But in addition to being an activist, Nadelmann is an academic with a long interest in the internationalization of crime control. In fact, he laid much of the groundwork for "Policing the Globe" with his 1993 "Cops Across Borders," published by Penn State University Press.

As an academic work, "Policing the Globe," while eminently readable (unlike some academic prose), is likely to be mostly read by serious researchers and students of its subject matter. That's a shame, for Andreas and Nadelmann shed considerable light on the evolution of the ever-more-integrated international police apparatus. Given the acceleration of that integration since the attacks of September 2001 and the technological advances leading us ever closer to an Orwellian surveillance society, it might behoove us to pay some attention.

While "Policing the Globe" is not indecipherable academic-speak, it is dense. But it is also chewy. It's the kind of writing where you start out underlining the really important parts, but quickly find you have to switch to quick slash-marks on the page margins because otherwise you're going to underline half the damn book.

The rise of international cooperation in crime control is because of the rise of international crime, right? Seems reasonable, but as Andreas and Nadelmann explain, it's not quite that simple. It has instead been a process lasting hundreds of years, beginning with efforts to eradicate piracy and slavery, and moving through the attempt by European states to suppress political opponents, the crusade against international prostitution, the war on drugs, and now, the war on terror.

And the liberal model of a police response to a crime problem doesn't explain it. In fact, it begs the question: What is a criminal activity and why? The most vivid examples of international police cooperation and global prohibition regimes revolve around activities that weren't even crimes a century ago: drug trafficking and use, money laundering, the traffic in migrant humans, and political violence (or terrorism, which presents its own sticky definitional and political problems).

To really explain the rise of international crime control, argue Andreas and Nadelmann, one must also incorporate some realpolitik and some social constructivism into the mix. In realpolitik, stronger states impose their wills on weaker ones, and the pair show how that has been the case here. At the beginning, cooperation among European states paved the way, but in the past century, and especially since World War II, the United States, as the most powerful state actor, has been largely able to impose its criminal justice preferences on the rest of the world. To the extent it has been able to do that, it has made international criminal law more homogenous, more in line with that of its own.

But American preferences are determined not just by economics, politics, or national security, but also by appeals to morality and the fight against evil. Indeed, what the authors call "transnational moral entrepreneurs" have played a key role in the creation of the global slavery, white slavery, and drug prohibition regimes. If we want to understand global criminality, we have to understand how it is created.

Andreas and Nadelmann spend the middle section of "Policing the Globe" carefully describing the evolution of international crime control. In sometimes exhausting detail, they note the rise of international cooperation against European anarchist assassins and other political "criminals," and their gradual displacement as the primary creators of the international crime consensus by the Americans. Now, the DEA and the FBI have offices in dozens of countries across the world.

And where will we go from here? Global drug prohibition is likely to hang around despite its failures and collateral damage, the pair predict. "The failure of a global prohibition regime does not necessarily signal its future demise," they write. Instead, its "symbolic allure" as a means of moral disapproval is likely to ensure that it continues. "Open defection from the regime is highly unlikely any time soon."

But they do point to some nibbling around the edges. The global consensus on marijuana is crumbling, they note, and the rise of coca-friendly Evo Morales to the Bolivian presidency could lead to erosion of the UN Single Convention prohibition on the coca plant, or even a direct challenge to the convention itself.

But "Policing the Globe" is larger than the drug war, and it raises serious concerns about the broader implications of what could be the coming global police state (my words, not theirs). All in all, Andreas and Nadelmann have produced an important work, one that should be essential for anyone interested in global policing. Given some of the trends the pair identify, however, this book should probably be required reading for anyone interested in the preservation of freedom in the 21st Century.

Three Job Openings at the Harm Reduction Coalition, NY and CA

The Harm Reduction Coalition is hiring a Harm Reduction Community Organizer (Los Angeles), Director of Finance (New York) and Los Angeles and Director of Operations (Oakland).

Harm Reduction Community Organizer:

The Harm Reduction Coalition (HRC), a progressive advocacy and training organization at the forefront of national health and drug policy, is seeking a highly-motivated Community Organizer to reduce the barriers to harm reduction in LA. Must be able to organize within coalitions and networks to advocate for policy change, implementation and funding. Position will involve project-based work for HRC campaigns through March 2008, with a strong possibility for further employment.

The Coordinator will research and analyze advocacy needs; facilitate strategic planning processes; conduct policy research and written analyses; organize coalition work; plan and deliver needed training and capacity-building; and mobilize active drug users and service providers in self-advocacy efforts.

This position requires an organized, self-motivated person with at least three years of experience in community organizing and leading advocacy campaigns. Excellent written and verbal communication skills and proven ability to identify and act upon key opportunities are a must. Desired skills are: media experience, consensus-building, knowledge of LA harm reduction community, use and maintain contact databases, experience in designing and delivering training, grantwriting & reporting.

Salary $52-55,000 DOE, with health benefits. To apply, send a detailed cover letter describing your interest in position, resume, and writing sample by email to mcquie@harmreduction.org. This position will be hired quickly; please apply as soon as possible.

HRC is an Equal Opportunity Employer. People of Color, women, people living with HIV and history of drug use are encouraged to apply.

Director of Finance

The Harm Reduction Coalition, a progressive advocacy and training organization at the forefront of national health and drug policy with over $2.5 million budget, seeks a full-time Director of Finance to join its diverse and growing staff. Successful candidates must have a minimum of five years' experience in nonprofit financial management with expertise in Quickbooks or a similar accounting program. Responsibilities include: overseeing financial systems for bookkeeping, budgeting, accounting and timely reporting; monitoring budget to actual expenses; managing near and long-term cash flow; overseeing audit preparation and implementation; reporting to private and government funders; managing risk, liability and contracting. Start immediately. Salary low 60s. Fax resume and cover letter to Search Committee at 212-213-6582. No phone calls please.

The Harm Reduction Coalition is an Equal Opportunity Employer. People of color, women, and people living with HIV are encouraged to apply.

Operations Manager

The Harm Reduction Coalition (HRC), a progressive advocacy and training organization at the forefront of national health and drug policy, is seeking an operations manager responsible for all administrative functions of HRC/HRTI operations including tech support, client company relations, facilities, finance, data entry, filing, and event logistics.

Requires strong computer skills and an understanding and commitment to a harm reduction approach. Also calls for flexibility, excellent interpersonal skills, sense of humor, and the ability to work well in a team.

Salary $32,000, with health benefits. To apply, send a detailed cover letter describing your interest in position and resume by email to mcquie@harmreduction.org.

HRC is an Equal Opportunity Employer. People of Color, women, people living with HIV and history of drug use are encouraged to apply.

Feature: Among Architects, a Prison Design Boycott Gains Steam

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, as France embarked on a massive prison-building campaign, working class anarchist revolutionaries fought back by attacking the prison-industrial complex. Naming themselves Os Cangaceiros after the social bandits of the Brazilian northeast in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries, the revolutionaries sabotaged prison construction, published prison blueprints, and physically assaulted architects who designed prisons before being repressed and melting away into the subterranean criminal networks they had established over the previous decades.

Professionals are responsible for their behavior, the revolutionaries argued. In a communique to one prison architect they attacked, they wrote:

Letter to an Architect

Subject: Ambush

Are your wounds well healed, architect? Did you figure out why?

Shamelessly, with no discretion of any kind, centimetre by centimetre, you have conceived these cages in which even the handicapped will be locked up. Inside the walls which you have designed, individuals who are worth more than you will be beaten up on a regular basis. It is good that you have received an appetizer of what thousands of prisoners will endure to the nth degree.

To be sure, architect, this is not your company's first infamy. Considering what you build to house normal citizens, one can guess your competence to shut away delinquents. One moves easily from the tower blocks of the 13th arrondisement to prison cells.

Pig, looking at your snout up close, we were able to note from your tired face how deeply you involve yourself in your projects.

Before you were building walls, now you're going to knock them down.

Os Cangaceiros, Lyon, 29/03/90

Beginning in the 1980s, the US has seen an ever more massive prison boom and a never-ending demand for more prison construction. With the prison and jail population now approaching 2.3 million and steadily increasing, there is no end in sight. And as in France, architects are among those profiting from penal profligacy. But not all members of the profession are willing to "conceive cages."

Architects/Designers/Planners for Social Responsibility (ADPSR) is not a revolutionary anarchist organization, but, as the name suggests, a group of architects and planners interested in social justice issues. Still, ADPSR shares with Os Cangaceiros both the belief that professionals have an obligation to help create a better society and the conviction that mass imprisonment as a solution to social problems is something to be decried, not abetted.

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ADPSR poster contest winning entry, by Miguel Bermudez (adpsr.org/prisons/poster.htm)
For the past three years, ADPSR has been working proactively on an effort to get architects, designers, and planners to wash their hands of working on prison projects, the Prison Design Boycott Campaign. The campaign seeks to get architecural professionals to sign a pledge to "not participate in the design, construction, or renovation of prisons."

Between September 2004, when the campaign started, and January 2006, 500 of the estimated 1,000 to 2,000 architectural and planning professionals who would work on prison design signed the pledge. Now, according to campaign head Raphael Sperry, a San Francisco Bay-area architect, that number is up to 800.

For Sperry and ADPSR, the prison design boycott is part of a larger effort to challenge militarism and violence within American society and the US government. "We have a long history of peace and social justice work dating back to the 1980s," Sperry told Drug War Chronicle. "This campaign had its genesis in the war with Iraq. For us, the war presented us with the issue of militarism, both at home and abroad. With the peace movement so far ineffective, it seemed important to us to challenge this whole mindset at home, where people can see it on a day to day basis, and prisons are one of the biggest social justice failings of our country these days," he said.

"We are calling for an end to the expansion of the prison-industrial complex as a first step," Sperry continued. "We also want to see reinvestment in communities to provide for public safety and we want community-based alternatives to incarceration to solve problems and reduce crime."

ADPSR specifically targets the war on drugs. "The war on drugs is one of the biggest components of the rise of mass incarceration, and the drug laws and drug policy is one of the biggest problems in our criminal justice system today," Sperry said. "We use incarceration instead of treatment. That's not solving the problem, just pushing it behind the walls."

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ADPSR poster contest runner-up entry, by William Arbizu & Kerstin Vogdes (adpsr.org/prisons/poster.htm)
While the campaign has yet to prevent any prisons from being built, it has raised awareness of the issue in the professional community. The campaign has been covered in numerous professional publications, correctional industry publications, and the mainstream press, and it has led to debate within the industry's primary professional organizations, such as the American Institute of Architecture and the American Planning Association.

"We have gotten a lot of attention from architects who design prisons," said Sperry. "Even many of them share and appreciate our understanding of the flaws of the criminal justice system. Raising awareness is really important because it can provide us with real room for legislative reform on criminal justice issues like sentencing and drug policy. With this campaign, we hope to add another noisy voice to those already calling for reform."

With about one-third of planners working for various government agencies, reaching them with the campaign message is a tactical goal. "These are the people who put together future prison population projections and do the planning used to create mass incarceration. Every year, they just say "we're going to need more prisons," instead of arguing for policy decisions to reduce the number of prisoner," Sperry noted.

It's not just architects and planners who have embraced the Prison Design Boycott. It has been endorsed by a number of criminal justice reform groups, including the anti-prison activists of Critical Resistance, the Justice Policy Institute, which seeks to end over-reliance on incarceration, and the November Coalition, which focuses on drug war prisoners.

"We embraced the architects' efforts early on because we agree with them that there are too many people in prison and it's essential to expand our movement," said the November Coalition's Tom Murlowski. "Architects and planners are part of the infrastructure of the prison-industrial complex, and we are very pleased to see this organization challenge the profession on this," he told the Chronicle.

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ADPSR poster contest finalist entry, by Allison Colley (adpsr.org/prisons/poster.htm)
"We are working on parallel lines here. We've recently launched No New Prisons, a web site about how to stop prisons in your own communities, including examples for activists of how it's been done, like we successfully stopped the new prison here in Stevens County, Washington," Murlowski said.

While the campaign may not prevent prisons from being built, the project will advance the cause in various ways, said Sperry. "Look, if 99% of architects signed the pledge, there would still be that 1% willing to do the work, but at the level of political acceptability, if we reach a point where a majority of architects are saying the government shouldn't even embark on building new prisons, that says something. Architects are licensed by the state and have a responsibility to protect the public health, safety, and welfare, so if they are saying building prisons does not contribute to a safe public environment, that's a strong public statement," he said.

"There are a lot of young architects who say they didn't become architects to lock people up," Sperry concluded. "I hear stories of the partners in firms going after those contracts, but the young people didn't want to work on prisons. There was an internal resistance, but not a coordinated movement, so we thought we could make a public statement and make it more targeted."

The campaign pledge is not just for architecture, design, and planning professionals. Sperry and the Prison Design Boycott Campaign want anyone who understands and agrees with their position to sign the pledge on their web site.

While the methods of Os Cangaceiros may have a certain outlaw appeal, we're happy to see the architects themselves trying to take matters in hand instead.

Weekly: This Week in History

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April 8, 1989: Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo is arrested in Mexico. Guillermo Gonzalez Calderoni leads a team of Federal agents who arrest the drug lord in a residential suburb of Guadalajara. Gallardo is imprisoned on charges relating to the kidnapping and murder of Enrique Camarena. His nephews, the Arellano-Felix brothers, inherit part of his drug-trafficking empire.

April 6, 1995: ABC News airs a special entitled "America's War on Drugs: Searching for Solutions" in which legalization is presented as an alternative to the failing war on drugs.

April 11, 1997: Graham Boyd, an ACLU attorney representing a group of plaintiffs including eleven prominent cancer and AIDS physicians in San Francisco, presents to a federal judge the following statement: "The federal government has issued broad threats against physicians who might recommend marijuana to some of their seriously ill patients. These threats have gagged physicians and have impeded the responsible practice of medicine. We assert that doctors have the right to discuss medical marijuana with patients, and we are seeking clear guidelines for physicians who wish to do so."

April 6, 1998: Dr. Dennis Rosenbaum's six year study of 1,798 students, "Assessing the Effects of School-based Drug Education: A Six Year Multilevel Analysis of Project DARE," finds that "DARE had no long-term effects on a wide range of drug use measures," that DARE does not "prevent drug use at the stage in adolescent development when drugs become available and widely used, namely during the high school years," and that "DARE may actually be counterproductive."

April 7, 1999: A Village Voice article, "Truth or D.A.R.E.: the Dubious Drug-Education Program Takes New York," informs readers that "More than a dozen studies have concluded that DARE has no lasting impact. And one six-year study found increased drug use among suburban kids who graduated from DARE."

April 6, 2000: The First National Clinical Conference on Cannabis Therapeutics convenes at the University of Iowa.

April 9, 2002: NORML launches a $500,000 campaign featuring bus shelter signs and telephone booth posters carrying a quote from New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, who when asked whether he had ever tried marijuana said, "You bet I did. And I enjoyed it." NORML used Bloomberg as the centerpiece of its campaign to urge the city to stop arresting and jailing people for smoking marijuana. "Millions of people smoke marijuana today. They come from all walks of life, and that includes your own mayor," said NORML Executive Director Keith Stroup.

April 12, 2002: Canada's Toronto Sun reports that a recent report sites Ontario's indoor marijuana industry as the third largest agricultural sector in the province, a $1-billion industry surpassed by dairy's $1.3 billion and beef cattle's $1.2 billion. Add to that the multi-millions being harvested from outdoor crops and marijuana cultivation in this province moves into the top spot on the list.

April 8, 2003: The US House of Representatives Government Reform's Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources holds a hearing on the High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas and Counterdrug Technology Assessment programs because, as Subcommittee Chairman Souder stated, "HIDTA has reached far beyond its intended focus on national drug trafficking. We will need to consider how best to streamline and increase accountability within the HIDTA program."

April 10, 2003: In the wake of the federal conviction of medical marijuana grower Ed Rosenthal, US Rep. Sam Farr (D-CA) and 27 other members of Congress introduce H.R. 1717 (the "Truth in Trials Act").

Law Enforcement: This Week's Corrupt Cops Stories

A Georgia fire captain gets caught peddling coke, a pair of New Haven narcs lose their jobs, a former Mississippi police chief cops a plea, and a former Ohio cop goes back to prison. Let's get to it:

In Fayette, Georgia, a Fulton County Fire Department captain was arrested March 29 for selling powder cocaine to undercover drug agents. Captain Bruce Bostwick, 56, faces one count of cocaine distribution. He got caught peddling the drug at a north Fulton County gas station.

In New Haven, Connecticut, city police commissioners voted Wednesday to fire narcotics officers arrested last month. Lt. William White, who was head of the narcotics unit, and Detective Justen Kasperzyk were fired on the recommendation of Police Chief Francisco Ortiz. White is charged with stealing $30,000 he thought was drug money, but was actually bait planted by the FBI. Kasperzyk is charged with stealing less than $1,000 in FBI bait money. Since the pair's arrests, New Haven officials disbanded the drug squad and handed over some of its cases to state police.

In Greenville, Mississippi, a former small town police chief pled guilty Monday to two federal drug counts. Former Ripley Police Chief Bert Contely copped a plea to possession of marijuana with intent to distribute and distribution of hydrocodone. He faces up to 10 years in prison and a $500,000 fine. Conely resigned as chief after his indictment and arrest in March.

In Youngstown, Ohio, a former Mahoning County Sheriff's Office lieutenant has been sentenced to four years in prison after pleading guilty to three counts of drug possession and three counts of drug trafficking. Michael "Beef" Terlecky, 51, who left the sheriff's office in 1988, has been in trouble before. He served eight months in federal prison for taking bribes from organized crime figures. This time, Terlecky went down for selling more than 200 Oxycontin tablets in a series of buys with undercover officers. The possession charges stemmed from what police found in his home when they raided it as he was being arrested.

Information: NIDA Drug Library Closed Due to Budget Woes

The National Institute on Drug Abuse's (NIDA) massive collection of journals and books related to drug use and addiction has been shut down because of budget cuts, according to the organ of the Substance Abuse Librarians and Information Specialists, SALIS News. The fate of the 12,000 journal volumes and 8,000 books in the collection is unclear at this point, but it will likely be scattered between the National Institute of Health, other drug and addiction collections, and the personal libraries of researchers.

While the collection was used primarily by NIDA staff, it also contains many historic documents. The collection dates back to 1929 and includes every article published by program staff since NIDA's predecessor, the Addiction Research Center, was founded in 1935. Also among the holdings are the entire set of the Committee on Problems of Drug Dependence meetings abstracts/minutes since its inception in 1929, and numerous other government documents and materials only found in such special collections.

NIDA gets over a billion dollars a year to conduct research on drug abuse and addiction, but it can't seem to find the money to keep this resource going. As the SALIS News noted: "What will this mean in the long term for those who had relied on [the NIDA Library] for the information they sought? Will it be just a few clicks on Google for them to find the information? What about the history of this research unit so long a part of the early drug addiction research in America? And gee, I thought drug abuse was supposed to be one of the major problems in America."

The Presidency: Past Drug Use Would Disqualify Nominee for Only 19% of Americans, Poll Finds

Only 17% of Democratic voters and 22% of Republican voters would refuse to vote for a presidential candidate who has admitted to past drug use, a Gallup poll has found. Overall, only 19% of voters would reject a candidate because he smoked a bowl or snorted a line in the distant past, the survey found.

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It didn't stop Bill Clinton from getting elected.
The poll, conducted late last month, asked more than 1,000 respondents what qualities they were seeking in the next president. Concern about candidates' past drug use ranked only 13th out of 16 questions about candidates' qualities, scoring higher than only "attends religious services regularly" (18%), "has worked in Washington a long time" (10%), and "has served in the military" (7%).

Potential voters were much more concerned that candidates are strong leaders (77%), have good moral character (68%), are effective managers (63%), can unite the country (59%), and are consistent on the issues (47%).

That's good news for Democratic contender Barack Obama, who has publicly admitted to past drug use. The news isn't so good for possible Republican contender Newt Gingrich, who recently admitted to carrying on extramarital affairs. Being faithful to one's spouse is considered absolutely essential by 37% of potential voters, including 52% of Republican voters.

Announcement: New Format for the Reformer's Calendar

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With the launch of our new web site, The Reformer's Calendar no longer appears as part of the Drug War Chronicle newsletter but is instead maintained as a section of our new web site:

The Reformer's Calendar publishes events large and small of interest to drug policy reformers around the world. Whether it's a major international conference, a demonstration bringing together people from around the region or a forum at the local college, we want to know so we can let others know, too.

But we need your help to keep the calendar current, so please make sure to contact us and don't assume that we already know about the event or that we'll hear about it from someone else, because that doesn't always happen.

We look forward to apprising you of more new features on our web site as they become available.

Announcement: DRCNet RSS Feeds Now Available

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RSS feeds are the wave of the future -- and DRCNet now offers them! The latest Drug War Chronicle issue is now available using RSS at http://stopthedrugwar.org/chronicle/feed online.

We have many other RSS feeds available as well, following about a hundred different drug policy subtopics that we began tracking since the relaunch of our web site this summer -- indexing not only Drug War Chronicle articles but also Speakeasy blog posts, event listings, outside news links and more -- and for our daily blog postings and the different subtracks of them. Visit our Site Map page to peruse the full set.

Thank you for tuning in to DRCNet and drug policy reform!

Announcement: DRCNet Content Syndication Feeds Now Available for YOUR Web Site!

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Are you a fan of DRCNet, and do you have a web site you'd like to use to spread the word more forcefully than a single link to our site can achieve? We are pleased to announce that DRCNet content syndication feeds are now available. Whether your readers' interest is in-depth reporting as in Drug War Chronicle, the ongoing commentary in our blogs, or info on specific drug war subtopics, we are now able to provide customizable code for you to paste into appropriate spots on your blog or web site to run automatically updating links to DRCNet educational content.

For example, if you're a big fan of Drug War Chronicle and you think your readers would benefit from it, you can have the latest issue's headlines, or a portion of them, automatically show up and refresh when each new issue comes out.

If your site is devoted to marijuana policy, you can run our topical archive, featuring links to every item we post to our site about marijuana -- Chronicle articles, blog posts, event listings, outside news links, more. The same for harm reduction, asset forfeiture, drug trade violence, needle exchange programs, Canada, ballot initiatives, roughly a hundred different topics we are now tracking on an ongoing basis. (Visit the Chronicle main page, right-hand column, to see the complete current list.)

If you're especially into our new Speakeasy blog section, new content coming out every day dealing with all the issues, you can run links to those posts or to subsections of the Speakeasy.

Click here to view a sample of what is available -- please note that the length, the look and other details of how it will appear on your site can be customized to match your needs and preferences.

Please also note that we will be happy to make additional permutations of our content available to you upon request (though we cannot promise immediate fulfillment of such requests as the timing will in many cases depend on the availability of our web site designer). Visit our Site Map page to see what is currently available -- any RSS feed made available there is also available as a javascript feed for your web site (along with the Chronicle feed which is not showing up yet but which you can find on the feeds page linked above). Feel free to try out our automatic feed generator, online here.

Contact us for assistance or to let us know what you are running and where. And thank you in advance for your support.

Book Offer: Lies, Damn Lies, and Drug War Statistics

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Normally when we publish a book review in our Drug War Chronicle newsletter, it gets readers but is not among the top stories visited on the site. Recently we saw a big exception to that rule when more than 2,700 of you read our review of the new book Lies, Damned Lies, and Drug War Statistics: A Critical Analysis of Claims Made by the Office of National Drug Control Policy. Much of this reading took place during a week that had other very popular articles as well, so clearly the topic of this book, which was authored by respected academics Matthew Robinson and Renee Scherlen, has struck a chord. As well it should.

Please help DRCNet continue our own work of debunking drug war lies with a generous donation. If your donation is $32 or more, we'll send you a complimentary copy of Robinson and Scherlen's book to help you be able to debunk drug war lies too.

Over the coming weeks I will be blogging on our web site about things I've learned reading Lies, Damn Lies, and Drug War Statistics. Stay tuned!

Your donation will help DRCNet as we advance what we think is an incredible two-year plan to substantially advance drug policy reform and the cause of ending prohibition globally and in the US. Please make a generous donation today to help the cause! I know you will feel the money was well spent after you see what DRCNet has in store. Our online donation form lets you donate by credit card, by PayPal, or to print out a form to send with your check or money order by mail. Please note that contributions to the Drug Reform Coordination Network, our lobbying entity, are not tax-deductible. Tax-deductible donations can be made to DRCNet Foundation, our educational wing. (Choosing a gift like Lies, Damn Lies, and Drug War Statistics will reduce the portion of your donation that you can deduct by the retail cost of the item.) Both groups receive member mail at: DRCNet, P.O. Box 18402, Washington, DC 20036.

Thank you for your support, and hope to hear from you soon.

Sincerely,


David Borden
Executive Director

P.S. You can read Chronicle editor Phil Smith's review of the book here.

Methamphetamine: Feds Make First Cold Medicine Bust Under Combat Meth Act

An Ontario, New York, man last Friday won the dubious distinction of being the first person arrested under the 2005 Combat Meth Epidemic Act. According to a DEA press release, William Fousse was arrested for purchasing cold tablets containing more than nine grams of pseudoephedrine within a one month period.

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Busted for Bronkaid
Under the Combat Meth Act, passed with little scrutiny when it was attached to a bill renewing provisions of the Patriot Act, chemicals widely used as cold remedies or other non-prescription medicines that can also be used in home meth manufacture, such as ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine, are now "scheduled listed chemical products."

Products containing these chemicals are now kept behind the counter. In order to purchase them, one must show identification and sign a log book at pharmacies. DEA and state and local law enforcement monitor those logbooks to see if anyone is buying amounts over the limit.

"This is a first for DEA," crowed DEA Western New York Special Agent in Charge John Gilbride. "DEA's focus is to dismantle clandestine methamphetamine labs and trafficking organizations and to also monitor the products that are illegally used to produce methamphetamine. DEA is committed to keeping our communities safe from the dangers of methamphetamine production and abuse. Today's arrest is a warning to those who violate the Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act."

Fousse is alleged to have purchased more than 400 Bronkaid tablets containing a total of more than 29 grams of ephedrine during the month of January -- more than three times the legal limit -- at one pharmacy and to have purchased a like amount at two others. It was a call from the first pharmacist to the DEA's Buffalo office that set the wheels in motion.

DEA agents visited Fousse at his home on February 13. According to a police affidavit, Fousse said he was unaware of the law, was not selling the pills to meth cooks, and was using the stuff himself. That was not good enough for the DEA and federal prosecutors. He faces a May 1 court date.

Methamphetamine: Nevada Governor's Working Group Issues Preliminary Report

A panel appointed by Nevada Gov. Jim Gibbons to study responses to methamphetamine use, manufacture, and trafficking in the state called last Friday for more treatment, more prevention, more police, and more laws restricting precursor chemicals, but rejected a bill that would have increased penalties for meth offenses. In its Preliminary Report, the Governor's Working Group on Methamphetamine Use warned that while home meth lab busts are down, Nevada is first in the nation in per capita lifetime meth use, past year meth use, and past month meth use.

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not great, but could have been worse
The Working Group mainly focused on how to allocate some $17 million dollars allocated in the governor's executive budget for addressing amphetamine. It recommended that some of the money go to replace lost federal grants for community anti-drug coalitions and to state education programs, that funding be made available to address substantial waiting lists for drug treatment and to address co-occurring disorders, and "increased funding to hire additional law enforcement officers to be placed on existing and new task forces across the state."

The group also made recommendations about specific methamphetamine-related legislation before the legislature. It supported one bill, AB 148 that would impose state-level restrictions on the sale of meth precursors, but rejected a harsher one, AB 150, that would have required a prescription to obtain cold medications containing drugs like pseudoephedrine. It also rejected two measures that would have ratcheted up sentencing. The first, AB 116, would have reduced the amount of meth needed to trigger trafficking charges from four grams to three, while the other, AB 281 would have made possession of the tiniest trace of any Schedule I drug except marijuana a potential trafficking offense.

While the panel recommended restraining legislators' efforts to pile-on the meth penalties, it did not mention harm reduction and discussion of alternatives to drug prohibition were clearly not on the agenda. That is not surprising, given the panel's make-up, which included seven law enforcement officials, four elected officials, the head of the Department of Health and Human Services, a health care executive, a school superintendent, a newspaper publisher, and the governor's wife. No harm reductionists or apparent past or present methamphetamine users were represented.

Medical Marijuana: New Mexico Becomes Twelfth State to Approve It

New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson (D) Monday signed into law a bill making the state the 12th to approve the medicinal use of marijuana. Richardson is a candidate for the Democratic Party 2008 presidential nomination. In signing the bill, he becomes the only major contender in either party to publicly endorse the medicinal use of marijuana.

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Gov. Bill Richardson signing a bill into law
The Lynn and Erin Compassionate Use Act, named after patients Lynn Pierson and Erin Armstrong, allows people who live with certain serious, chronic conditions to use and possess marijuana with a doctor's recommendation. But in a departure from the normal practice in other states, where patients or designated caregivers are allowed to grow their own medicine, the New Mexico law stipulates that only producers licensed by the state Health Department may grow medical marijuana.

The bill came only after being denied House floor votes in two previous sessions and after apparently being defeated this session. But thanks to strong lobbying by Richardson and groups like the Drug Policy Alliance New Mexico office, it passed on a second, last-minute vote.

"This law will provide much-needed relief for New Mexicans suffering from debilitating diseases," said Gov.Richardson in a signing statement. "It is the right thing to do. I'm proud to sign legislation that makes patient care an important priority in this state," Richardson said. "It is time for Congress and the federal government to follow our lead and help those forced to endure painful, chronic diseases."

"By signing this bill, Gov. Richardson is showing his compassion for seriously ill people, and he is also reflecting the will of the majority of New Mexicans and the American people," said Reena Szczepanski, director of the Drug Policy Alliance New Mexico in a Monday statement. "I hope that other elected officials take note: Americans will stand behind those that believe in compassion and mercy for our most vulnerable, our sick and dying patients struggling for relief."

New Mexico now joins Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Maine, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Vermont and Washington as states that have approved medical marijuana.

Harm Reduction: New Mexico Governor Signs Overdose Death Reduction Measure

New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson (D) Wednesday signed innovative legislation that would protect friends or family members who seek medical attention for drug overdose victims. The law is the first of its kind in the country.

Too often, the companions of drug overdose victims fail to seek medical attention for them for fear of being arrested and prosecuted themselves. The 911 Good Samaritan Act (SB 200) seeks to encourage people to get help by providing limited immunity from drug possession charges when an overdose victim or friend seeks emergency medical services.

With nearly an overdose death a day, New Mexico has the highest drug overdose death rate in the nation. Six years ago, the state passed legislation removing criminal liability from people who prescribe the opiate reversal agent naloxone. That move is credited with saving hundreds of lives. This new law should save even more.

The measure was pushed by the Drug Policy Alliance New Mexico affiliate. "By signing this legislation, the Governor is sending a clear message to New Mexicans: don't be afraid to seek medical help. This is definitely the next step in reducing the overwhelming number of preventable overdose deaths in New Mexico," said Reena Szczepanski, the group's New Mexico director in a Wednesday statement.

Imposição da Lei: As Estórias de Policiais Corruptos Desta Semana

Dois policiais são presos, um guarda de prisão se confessa culpado, um agente da Patrulha das Fronteiras é declarado culpado e um auxiliar do xerife é mandado à prisão. Mais uma semana típica de corrupção do aparato judiciário-legal relacionada à proibição das drogas. Vamos ao que interessa:

Em Indianápolis, um oficial de reserva da Polícia de Indianápolis foi preso por roubar drogas e dinheiro de oficiais disfarçados. O oficial de reserva Chris Spaulding é acusado de roubar $7.000 de um oficial disfarçado durante uma armação e de não entregar as provas. Ele também é acusado de usar um quarto de hotel na Comarca de Hendricks para vender drogas, especialmente maconha. Spaulding está na cadeia até a audiência sobre a fiança. A sua data de julgamento está marcada para o dia 14 de maio.

Em Deerfield Beach, Flórida, um policial foi preso na terça-feira por roubar cocaína e drogas prescritíveis do que ele achava ser um automóvel abandonado. O oficial Robert Delaney é acusado de porte de cocaína e de oxicodona. Delaney chamou a atenção dos superiores quando um informante confidencial informou que ele comprava e consumia cocaína. Isso levou o gabinete do xerife a realizar uma armação, deixando quatro gramas de cocaína e seis comprimidos de oxicodona em um veículo e chamando Delaney depois para investigá-lo. Enquanto os oficiais observavam, Delaney pegou as drogas para ele. Ele também admitiu cheirar parte da cocaína enquanto estava de plantão.

Em White Plains, Nova Iorque, um oficial correcional da Comarca de Westchester se confessou culpado no dia 21 de março pelo seu papel em uma rede de distribuição de drogas. O guarda Michael Gray, 43, se confessou culpado de tentativa de venda criminosa de uma substância controlada e de promover o contrabando na prisão por vender cocaína a outro guarda e por trazer a droga para a cadeia em agosto de 2005. Ele fazia parte de um cartel do narcotráfico que funcionava no Bronx e na Comarca de Westchester e que foi pego em uma série de apreensões em dezembro de 2005. Ele receberá a sentença dele em junho.

Em Tucson, um ex-agente da Patrulha das Fronteiras foi declarado culpado de desaparecer com um bloco de quase 10kg de maconha durante uma apreensão na fronteira. O ex-agente Michael Carlos González, 34, foi condenado por um júri federal no dia 20 de março por porte de maconha com intenção de distribuir e por porte de arma de fogo durante uma infração por narcotráfico. González caiu depois de uma batida de trânsito em dezembro de 2005. Um patrulheiro estadual do Arizona fez parar uma picape, o passageiro e o condutor fugiram para o deserto e o policial os perseguiu. González chegou na cena, pegou um dos numerosos blocos de erva na caminhonete, mudou os blocos de lugar para encobrir o seu roubo e pôs o bloco no veículo dele. Infelizmente para ele, a câmera da viatura do policial gravou toda a ação. González pode pegar até 10 anos de prisão federal, cinco por cada acusação.

Em Winchester, Kentucky, um ex-auxiliar do xerife da Comarca de Clark foi condenado à prisão por acusações relacionadas às armas de fogo e às drogas. O ex-auxiliar Brad Myers foi acusado originalmente por duas acusações de tráfico de substância controlada e duas acusações de porte de arma de fogo durante a infração, mas se confessou culpado de uma acusação de distribuir comprimidos de Lortab e uma acusação de portar uma pistola semi-automática. O advogado de Myers debateu que ele desenvolveu um vício em analgésicos após ser ferido no trabalho, no entanto ele ainda vai ser preso por três anos.

Imposição da Lei: Polícia de Atlanta Muda Políticas Depois de Reide Antidrogas Fatal

A Polícia de Atlanta anunciou uma série de mudanças nas políticas depois do reide antidrogas estropiado de novembro que deixou um saldo de uma mulher de 92 anos morta e três oficiais disfarçados feridos. De acordo com o chefe Richard Pennington, as mudanças são necessárias para proteger tanto os cidadãos quanto os oficiais em casos em que a polícia confiar em informantes.

No reide de novembro em que Kathryn Johnston foi morta a tiros após abrir fogo contra oficiais disfarçados que derrubaram a porta dela, os policiais disseram que um informante confidencial os levou à casa dela. Desde então, o homem que a polícia chamou de informante negou levá-los ali e disse que a polícia lhe pediu para mentir sobre isso depois que o reide aconteceu.

Os promotores da Comarca de Fulton disseram que procurarão indiciamentos por assassinatos contra os oficiais envolvidos. O FBI também está investigando.

"Acho que, muitas vezes, algumas destas coisas podiam ter sido evitadas" se as novas reformas estivessem em vigor, disse Pennington em entrevista coletiva no centro nesta terça-feira.

Embora prossiga a investigação federal, Pennington disse que o departamento não ia esperar para implementar as reformas. "Vamos esperar a investigação do FBI, mas acho que era a nossa obrigação ver o que podemos fazer para garantirmos que isto não aconteça nunca mais", disse.

Pennington disse que o departamento ia quase dobrar o tamanho da sua unidade de combate aos entorpecentes, de 16 para 30 oficiais e os rotaria no esquadrão antidrogas de poucos em poucos anos para impedir o conformismo. [Editor: Eles vão aumentar o tamanho da unidade depois que mataram uma mulher de 92 anos!? Vão dobrá-lo!?]. O departamento também vai realizar exames toxicológicos com todos os seus 1.800 oficiais.

Mais objetivamente, Pennington anunciou que todas as solicitações de mandados inadvertidos, como aquele obtido no caso de Johnston, têm que ser aprovadas agora por oficiais com patente de comandante ou uma patente superior. As solicitações de mandados normais de busca têm que ser aprovadas agora por um oficial com a patente de tenente ou uma patente superior. Antes, oficiais de patente inferior podiam aprovar mandados de busca inadvertida e apreensões de drogas.

Além disso, agora os supervisores da polícia devem testemunhar quaisquer pagamentos a informantes confidenciais e os informantes devem passar por "checagens de integridade" para garantir a veracidade deles. Agora, a polícia deve fotografar os informantes quando entrarem em uma bocada de drogas para fazerem uma compra, acrescentou Pennington.

Imposição da Lei: A Guerra às Drogas Domina a Ação do Júri em Uma Comarca de Ohio

A Comarca de Ashtabula, Ohio, fica na região nordeste do estado, adjacente a Cleveland. Com pouco mais de 100.000 habitantes, 95% deles brancos, não há muito movimento no sistema de justiça penal. Sem a proibição das drogas, haveria muito menos.

Na sexta-feira passada, o júri da Comarca de Ashtabula expediu indiciamentos para 15 pessoas. Uma delas era um infrator sexual que não se inscreveu, dois agrediram um oficial da polícia, um era acusado de tentativa de assassinato, um era acusado de roubo de automóvel e outro era acusado de agressão criminosa. São seis em 15 indiciamentos.

Os nove indiciamentos seguintes mantinham relação com as drogas. As acusações incluíam porte de metanfetamina, porte de cocaína, porte de crack (2), porte de metadona, porte de precursores da metanfetamina (2), distribuição de maconha e distribuição de cocaína.

Em outras palavras, as pessoas acusadas de simples porte de drogas (ou de precursores) respondiam por quase metade de todas as acusações criminais na Comarca de Ashtabula na semana passada e as acusações relacionadas às drogas constituíam 60% de todos os indiciamentos. Com o fim da proibição das drogas, ou pelo menos o fim da detenção de consumidores de drogas, o fórum de justiça da Comarca de Ashtabula seria um lugar muito mais tranqüilo. E embora os dados possam variar de jurisdição para jurisdição, acontece quase a mesma coisa em todos os lugares.

Maconha: Câmara Municipal de Cincinnati Vota na Extensão de Decreto-Lei Severo

Na terça-feira, a Câmara Municipal de Cincinnati renovou um decreto-lei municipal severo contra a maconha que aprovou no ano passado apesar das acusações de que não fazia o que os defensores diziam que ia fazer: reduzir os crimes de sangue. Graças à forte oposição local ao decreto-lei assim que foi aprovado, incluía um dispositivo de vencimento e teria vencido na sexta-feira se a câmara não tivesse agido.

Segundo a lei de Ohio, o porte de até 100 gramas de maconha não é mais multável do que uma infração com multa máxima de $100. Isso era indulgente demais para os patriarcas em Cincinnati, que no ano passado aprovaram um decreto-lei municipal que autorizava a polícia a prender pessoas por até 30 dias pelo simples porte de maconha. A medida reduziria a criminalidade tirando as armas das ruas, deixando a polícia visasse aos traficantes e assustando os habitantes dos vizinhos Kentucky y Indiana para que não viessem à cidade para comprar drogas, disseram os defensores na época.

A polícia de Cincinnati depôs que as detenções por maconha tinham tirado 62 armas das ruas da cidade, mas os oponentes, liderados por uma coalizão de grupos organizada como Citizens for a Safer Cincinnati, argumentaram que os índices de criminalidade tinham aumentado desde que o decreto-lei foi aprovado. Os números estão do lado deles.

Um integrante da Safer Cincinnati e presidente do Partido Libertariano da Comarca de Hamilton, Paul Green, observou em uma análise dos dados sobre a criminalidade desde que o decreto-lei foi aprovado que ele não fora bem-sucedido em nenhuma de suas três metas. Houve menos detenções de forasteiros, mas o seu número total foi pequeno nos dois anos e a redução é de um miserável 0,7%. E embora a polícia se vangloriasse de confiscar 62 armas, o número de armas que se informou terem sido usadas em crimes sofreu uma alta de 27%. O número de revólveres - a arma mais comumente portada pelos traficantes de drogas - que se informou terem sido usados em crimes sofreu uma alta de 17%.

Os crimes de sangue também tinham aumentado desde que o decreto-lei esteve em vigor. Os assassinatos tiveram uma alta de 16% em 2006 em comparação com 2005 e o assalto à mão armada teve uma alta de desconcertantes 44%. Em conjunto, o índice de crimes graves mostrou uma alta de 4,4% em 2006.

Mas, apesar do fracasso do decreto-lei em alcançar as suas metas declaradas, o conselho o reaprovou. Isso tornará o decreto-lei um tema de campanha, advertiu a Safer Cincinnati.

Maconha Medicinal: Projeto de Lei do Novo Hampshire É Derrotado por Pouco

Um projeto que teria permitido que os habitantes doentes do Novo Hampshire usassem maconha medicinal foi derrotado por pouco na quarta-feira. O projeto, o HB 774, foi derrubado por 186-177 na Câmara.

Os defensores do projeto discutiram que a maconha pode ser a única droga que funciona para pacientes com algumas doenças. A deputada Evelyn Merrick (D-Lancaster), que sofreu de câncer, disse que os tratamentos podem ser piores que a doença. "Quantos mais devemos deixar que sofram desnecessariamente?" perguntou aos seus colegas.

Mas, o deputado Joseph Miller (D-Durham), um médico aposentado, e o deputado William Butynski (D-Hinsdale) caçoaram da maconha como medicamento. "Não existe maconha medicinal", disse Butynski, que também expressou em voz alta a sua preocupação acerca de deixar que as pessoas a cultivem.

Injeta-se a medicação real, toma-se a mesma em comprimido ou aplica-se na língua - não se fuma, disse Miller. Além do mais, acrescentou, não é necessária. "Temos amplos equivalentes terapêuticos disponíveis legalmente", disse.

Mas, embora os argumentos dos oponentes vencessem neste ano, há boas chances de que os defensores da cannabis como medicação voltem no ano que vem. Dada a votação acirrada neste ano e as pesquisas que mostravam dois terços a favor da maconha medicinal no estado, as perspectivas são promissoras, disse Stuart Cooper da New Hampshire Marijuana Policy Initiative.

"É legislação sensível e compassiva que protege os nossos cidadãos mais vulneráveis", disse Cooper em uma declaração depois da votação. "Mas, a votação disputada prova que é só uma questão de tempo até que os nossos funcionários eleitos dêem às suas bases o que elas pediram: uma lei eficiente sobre a maconha medicinal que garanta que ninguém seja preso por combater doenças gravíssimas".

Maconha: Bob Barr Fará Pressão a Favor do Marijuana Policy Project

Que coisa, como os tempos mudaram. Há menos de uma década, o ex-congressista republicano da Geórgia, Bob Barr, era a bête noire do movimento pró-reforma das políticas de maconha. Agora, ele trabalha para ele. É isso aí, Bob Barr, o homem que descarrilou a maconha medicinal sozinho em Washington, DC, foi contratado como lobista pelo Marijuana Policy Project (MPP).

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Jim e a finada Cheryl Miller, com Gary Storck e Jacki Rickert, fora do escritório de Bob Barr (
Ironicamente, agora Barr fará pressão pelos direitos dos estados para que estabeleçam as suas próprias políticas acerca da maconha medicinal sem a interferência do governo federal. Foi a sua "Emenda Barr" de 1998 à votação anual de alocações em DC que impediu os funcionários de DC de contarem os votos na iniciativa de maconha medicinal daquele ano, que venceu com 69% dos votos.

Ex-promotor nos subúrbios de Atlanta, Barr sempre foi "severo com as drogas", mas, do contrário, mostrava tendências libertarianas. Após ser derrotado em 2002 em uma campanha que contou com anúncios de ataque que usavam pacientes de maconha medicinal, Barr se separou do Partido Republicano, juntando-se aos libertarianos em 2006. Ele também virou lobista da sua arqui-rival, a American Civil Liberties Union.

Nesta semana, em entrevista concedida a The Politico, o ex-arquiguerreiro antidrogas explicou que os tempos mudaram. "Durante todos estes anos, eu tomei uma posição muito enérgica nas questões das drogas, mas, à luz do tremendo crescimento do poder do governo desde o 11 de setembro, isso me forçou e obrigou outros conservadores a voltar e dar uma olhada renovada no tamanho e no poder que queremos que o governo tenha para estar na vida das pessoas", disse Barr.

Barr traz "muitíssima credibilidade, particularmente entre as pessoas do lado republicano do corredor", disse o diretor de relações governamentais do MPP, Aaron Houston, a The Politico. "Com certeza ele não teria sido a primeira pessoa que eu esperaria ser contratado pela gente, mas estou muito satisfeito que o tenha sido", disse Houston. "Estou muito contente que ele tenha mudado e espero que sirva de exemplo aos seus colegas".

Como lobista do MPP recém-batizado, Barr já se adaptou ao discurso. Podem haver "usos medicinais legítimos da maconha e não devemos ter esta reação reflexiva contra ela, e as pessoas deveriam ter permissão para explorar", disse.

Ele também fará pressão para derrubar a campanha midiática antidrogas para os jovens do Gabinete de Política Nacional de Controle das Drogas, que é ineficaz segundo vários estudos. "Um montão de conservadores expressou muita preocupação com o dinheiro do contribuinte que está sendo desperdiçado nesta campanha publicitária mal-administrada", disse Barr, que deixou o Congresso em 2003.

América do Sul: Bolívia Toma Medidas para Impedir a Expansão do Cultivo da Coca

Na terça-feira, o governo boliviano anunciou um novo plano para confrontar a expansão do cultivo da coca nos parques nacionais e nas áreas protegidas segundo a lei nacional. De acordo com o plano, que visa aos cultivadores na área tradicional produtora de coca das Yungas perto de La Paz, os sindicatos cocaleiros locais serão responsáveis por garantir que a produção não se espalhe.

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folhas de coca secando à beira da estrada, Chapare
De acordo com a Agência Boliviana de Informação, os funcionários do governo haviam estado visitando as Yungas desde o mês passado para anunciar as mudanças, que incluem a proibição de novo plantio nos cocais que foram abandonados por dois anos ou mais.

O governo do presidente Evo Morales, ele mesmo um ex-cocaleiro, fez progresso na redução do conflito entre os cocaleiros e o governo no Chapare, a terra dele, mas as tensões estiveram crescendo nas Yungas. Embora Morales tenha expandido a quantidade de coca que pode ser cultivada no Chapare, parece que isso não aconteceu nas Yungas.

Segundo a política "coca sim; cocaína não" de Morales, o governo boliviano está procurando acabar com a erradicação forçada dos cocaleiros e substitui-la pela "racionalização" ou erradicação negociada do excedente de coca. A idéia é reduzir o conflito social trazendo os cocaleiros ao processo decisório ao invés de impor-lhes a erradicação.

"Os sindicatos cocaleiros, como as menores unidades de organização social nos trópicos de Cochabamba (Chapare) e as Yungas de La Paz, assumem responsabilidade direta por impedirem o cultivo da folha de coca nos cocais que tenham sido abandonados pelos seus donos durante mais de dois anos", disse a proposta do vice-ministro de Defesa Social e Substâncias Controladas, Felipe Cáceres.

O plano também inclui o comércio da coca para usos lícitos e o apoio ao trabalho de interdição que vise a desbaratar o tráfico de cocaína.

Oriente Médio: Maconha Não É Casher para o Pessach, Diz Partido da Folha Verde

O Partido da Folha Verde de Israel, a destacada organização pró-reforma das políticas de maconha do país, advertiu na quarta-feira que a maconha não é casher para o Pessach. Os judeus que observarem as leis dietéticas do feriado devem se abster da erva, disse o grupo.

De acordo com o Folha Verde, os rabinos agruparam os produtos da maconha junto com uma família de alimentos que incluem ervilhas, feijões e lentilhas que são proibidos aos judeus observantes durante o Pessach de acordo com a tradição européia da interpretação rabínica. O Pessach começa na segunda-feira.

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'prato sêder' do ritual do Pessach (cortesia do Wikimedia)
"Estamos avisando a nossa gente a não comer nada com produtos de cânhamo se seguirem a prática de kitniyot no Pessach", disse a porta-voz do partido Michelle Levine. "Estamos pensando em anunciar uma proibição contra tudo o que conter cânhamo por via das dúvidas. Vamos seguir os rabinos nisto. O pessoal deveria tirar toda a cannabis e o cânhamo de seus lares".

O blog Orthodox Anarchist discordou, chamando antiquadas as decisões relativas à separação de grãos e instando o Ale Yarok a se concentrar em dar destaque aos argumentos morais do Halachá (a interpretação regulamentar religiosa judaica) como aqueles que apóiam a maconha medicinal ou o apoio da União Ortodoxa aos direitos de consumo religiosa da oasca.

Há um ponto positivo na proibição rabínica durante o Pessach, disse Levine. "A lógica ordena que se os rabinos disserem que a cannabis não é casher para o Pessach, parece ser casher durante o resto do ano".

Semanal: Esta Semana na História

01 de abril de 1909: A Lei de Exclusão do Ópio [Opium Exclusion Act] entra em vigor.

03 de abril de 1953: Com o apoio de Allen W. Dulles, diretor da Inteligência Central, Richard C. Helms propõe financiar o programa de pesquisa de guerra bioquímica chamado MKULTRA, o qual, entre outras coisas, administrava LSD a seus participantes relutantes.

30 de março de 1961: A Convenção Única sobre os Entorpecentes da ONU é assinado na Cidade de Nova Iorque, o primeiro de três tratados internacionais que compelem as nações signatárias a sistemas proibicionistas.

02 de abril de 1988: The Economist escreve um editorial a favor de regularizar os usuários de drogas ao permitir que comprem doses limitadas de drogas que tenham sido fabricadas e distribuídas legalmente.

30 de março de 1992: Bill Clinton, durante a campanha presidencial de 1992, diz, "Quando estive na Inglaterra experimentei a maconha uma ou duas vezes e não gostei. Eu não traguei".

01 de abril de 2000: O principal jornal nacional do Canadá, The National Post, escreve um editorial a favor da legalização da maconha.

05 de abril de 2000: O Journal of the American Medical Association publica "Trends in Medical Use and Abuse of Opioid Analgesics" ["Tendências no Uso e Abuso Médicos de Analgésicos Opiáceos"]. Os pesquisadores concluem: "O senso comum sugere que o possível abuso de analgésicos opiáceos é tal que altas no consumo de medicinal destas drogas levarão inevitavelmente a altas no abuso delas. Os dados deste estudo a respeito dos opiáceos na classe da morfina não sustentam esta hipótese. A tendência presente da alta no uso médico de analgésicos opiáceos para tratar a dor parece não estar contribuindo com as altas nas conseqüências do abuso de analgésicos opiáceos para a saúde".

31 de março de 2001: Um editorial em The Lancet - o principal diário de medicina do Reino Unido - critica a futilidade da proibição das drogas e as estratégias antidrogas presentes dos Estados Unidos.

02 de abril de 2003: O deputado federal dos EUA, Ron Paul, pede ao Tribunal de Contas do Governo dos EUA (GAO) que investigue se o Gabinete de Política Nacional de Controle das Drogas infringiu a proibição congressional de gastar verbas em publicidade ou propaganda.

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